Strong economic growth has led to remarkable urbanization in China. Using the China Health and Nutrition Survey, this study provides the first empirical evidence documenting the impact of urbanization on rural health care and insurance. The primary finding is that urbanization leads to a significant and equitable increase in insurance coverage, which in turn plays a critical role in access to care. In addition, adverse selection exists in the demand for insurance. Income is also a significant determinant of insurance coverage. This study concludes that urbanization can help make substantial changes in rural health care and insurance status. Copyright 2003 Western Economic Association International.
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