ARE WAGE INCREASES IN CHINESE STATE INDUSTRY EFFICIENT? PRODUCTIVITY IN NANJING'S MACHINE-BUILDING INDUSTRY
"Since China's economic reform began, wages in state enterprises have increased at rates much faster than the rate of price inflation. This paper investigates the source of this rapid wage increase for a sample of Chinese state-owned machine-building enterprises to determine whether increased wages can be best explained by changes in productivity, changes in the output market, or changes in input markets. CES production function estimates find the marginal product of labor was stagnant between 1980 and 1992 but initially higher than wages. Rising wages were therefore consistent with other evidence that the reform process cost the state sector its labor monopsony." ("JEL" P31) Copyright 1999 Western Economic Association International.
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