THE WAIVER PORK BARREL: COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP AND THE APPROVAL TIME OF MEDICAID WAIVERS
"Recent growth in Medicaid spending has forced states to look for ways to slow the program's rate of growth. Under the Medicaid program's rules, state governments must submit a waiver to the federal government in order to implement a cost-saving program. The time required to process a waiver varies from 14 days to over three years. This study examines the determinants of the time it takes to process a waiver and the number of revisions required before final approval. The results indicate that an increase in the tenure of the state's delegation to the House oversight committee reduces the time to approval for Freedom of Choice waivers. However, more liberal committee members appear to delay waivers. The results complement the existing literature on the pork barrel by showing that seniority on a committee is an important determinant-not only of monetary benefits but also of nonmonetary benefits." ("JEL" H51, 118) Copyright 1999 Western Economic Association International.
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