The Impact of Enterprise Zones on Job Creation in Mississippi
Jim F. Couch
Keith E. Atkinson
Lewis H. Smith
The designation of enterprise zones has been touted as an effective tool in efforts to reduce poverty, but scant evidence exists to support this. In 1983, Mississippi passed legislation authorizing the creation of enterprise zones in the most distressed counties of the state as a way of directing new jobs toward those areas. This study examines the effect of enterprise zone designation on the creation of jobs in new or expanding manufacturing establishments. Using a model estimated from panel data, the study found that qualifying as an enterprise zone had a positive effect on a county's rate of job creation. (JEL "O180", "H710") Copyright 2005 Western Economic Association International.
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