English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Characteristics of Foreign R&D Strategies of Swiss Firms. Implications for Policy Benjamin Jung; Heinz Hollenstein

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Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Characteristics of Foreign R&​D Strategies of Swiss Firms. Implications for Policy
Author
  • Benjamin Jung
  • Heinz Hollenstein
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • RePEc:wsr:wpaper:y:2008:i:015
  • The aim of the paper is, firstly, to identify a number of strategies Swiss firms pursue by performing foreign R&​D, expecting that firms, in many instances, are driven by a combination of several motives ("mixed strategies"). Secondly, we ask whether foreign and domestic R&​D are substitutes or complements. Thirdly, we draw some policy conclusions based on results for direct and indirect home-country effects of foreign R&​D. By applying cluster analysis, we identified four specific patterns of motives of foreign R&​D. In a second step, we investigated whether these clusters effectively may be interpreted as specific types of R&​D strategies. To this end, the clusters were characterised in terms of a large number of variables, which, according to the OLI paradigm of FDI, determine foreign R&​D. We found that the patterns of the four clusters systematically differ with respect to these theory-related variables. Some clusters represent, in terms of motives, broad-based mixed strategies, whereas others are strongly focused. It turns out that foreign R&​D strategies that primarily aim at exploiting capabilities of the domestic headquarters dominate, whereas cost-reducing strategies are of very minor importance. In case of the other two strategies knowledge sourcing is a constituent element, in the first one, knowledge sourcing is at the core, in the second case it is an important element in the frame of a broad-based strategy. The relative importance of the four strategies implies that, on balance, foreign and domestic R&​D are complements. Notwithstanding this positive result, it is sensible to take policy actions supporting the economy to capitalise even more on outward FDI in R&​D. Policy basically should aim at securing the attractiveness of Switzerland as a location for R&​D-intensive headquarters of firms performing foreign R&​D, and at enhancing knowledge spill-overs from headquarter companies to other domestic firms. The five categories of measures we recommend are part of a framework-oriented policy design rather than of a more interventionist concept.
  • Internationalisation of R&​D Motives of foreign R&​D Foreign R&​D strategies Knowledge spillovers Home-country effects of outward FDI in R&​D
  • RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2008:i:315
Language
  • English
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