2012, English, Book, Illustrated edition: Rearing young stock on tropical dairy farms in Asia / John Moran. Moran, John, 1945-

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Rearing young stock on tropical dairy farms in Asia / John Moran
 
Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/182486910
Physical Description
  • xx, 275 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Published
  • Collingwood, Vic. : CSIRO Publishing, 2012.
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Rearing young stock on tropical dairy farms in Asia /‚Äč John Moran.
Author
  • Moran, John, 1945-
Other Authors
  • CSIRO
Published
  • Collingwood, Vic. : CSIRO Publishing, 2012.
Physical Description
  • xx, 275 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Subjects
Summary
  • Rearing Young Stock on Tropical Dairy Farms in Asia encourages the small holder dairy farmer to maintain their investment in replacement heifers and gives them the tools necessary to achieve realistic targets for mortalities, live weight gain, mating age and age and live weight at first calving. It is a companion volume to three previous manuals written by John Moran: Tropical Dairy Farming, Business Management for Tropical Dairy Farmers and Managing High Grade Dairy Cows in the Tropics.
Contents
  • Machine generated contents note: 1.1.The importance of young stock management on any dairy farm
  • 1.1.1.Benefits of bigger heifers
  • 1.2.Outline of the manual
  • 1.3.Role of the manual in farmer and adviser training programs
  • 1.4.The size of the heifer herd
  • 1.5.Key performance indicators for rearing replacement heifers
  • 1.5.1.Key performance indicators for components of heifer management
  • 1.5.2.Key performance indicators for entire heifer herds
  • 2.1.The milk feeding calf phase
  • 2.1.1.Pre-calving
  • 2.1.2.Identification, targets and recording
  • 2.1.3.Colostrum feeding management
  • 2.1.4.Milk feeding and access to drinking water
  • 2.1.5.Solid feeds
  • 2.1.6.Preventing and treating scours
  • 2.1.7.Health and herd management
  • 2.1.8.Managing weaning
  • 2.1.9.Environmental management
  • 2.1.10.Housing and facilities
  • 2.2.The weaned heifer phase
  • 2.2.1.Early post-weaning management
  • 2.2.2.Targets and recording
  • 2.2.3.Forage quality
  • Contents note continued: 2.2.4.Feeding of concentrates
  • 2.2.5.Mating management
  • 2.2.6.Health and herd management
  • 2.2.7.Environmental management
  • 2.2.8.Housing and facilities
  • 2.2.9.Pre-calving management
  • 3.1.The calf digestive tract
  • 3.2.The milk-fed calf
  • 3.3.Rumen development and the process of weaning
  • 3.4.The role of roughage in the weaning process
  • 4.1.Water
  • 4.2.Energy
  • 4.3.Protein
  • 4.4.Fibre
  • 4.5.Minerals and vitamins
  • 5.1.Current recommendations on colostrum feeding
  • 5.1.1.Colostrum quality
  • 5.1.2.Timeliness of colostrum feeding
  • 5.1.3.Identifying and storing good-quality colostrum
  • 5.2.Feeding colostrum to newborn calves
  • 5.2.1.How to stomach tube a calf
  • 5.2.2.Making best use of transition milk
  • 5.2.3.Using stomach tubes to relieve abdominal pressure
  • 5.3.Results from overseas research on colostrum feeding
  • 5.3.1.Financial benefits from good colostrum feeding practices
  • Contents note continued: 5.4.Summarising good colostrum feeding management
  • 6.1.Difficulties with rearing replacement heifers in the tropics
  • 6.2.Surveys of calf and heifer mortalities in the tropics
  • 6.2.1.Poor adaptation of imported stock
  • 6.2.2.The effect of grazing system on calf and heifer mortalities
  • 6.3.Impact of extension programs on calf and heifer performance in the tropics
  • 6.3.1.Sri Lankan study
  • 6.3.2.Kenyan study
  • 6.4.Results from other calf and heifer studies in the tropics
  • 6.4.1.Tanzanian study
  • 6.4.2.Philippines study
  • 6.4.3.Conclusions
  • 7.1.Stock welfare
  • 7.1.1.The five basic freedoms of livestock
  • 7.1.2.The six basic elements of stock welfare
  • 7.1.3.Other general principles of stock welfare
  • 7.1.4.Problems of confinement
  • 7.2.Housing calves
  • 7.2.1.Selecting the site and shed layout
  • 7.2.2.Individual pens
  • 7.2.3.Calf cages
  • 7.2.4.Group pens
  • 7.2.5.Isolation pens
  • 7.3.Physical comfort of calves
  • Contents note continued: 7.4.Types of flooring
  • 7.5.Feeding and handling facilities
  • 7.5.1.Calf scales
  • 7.5.2.Office and staff facilities
  • 7.6.Cleaning and sanitising feeding equipment
  • 7.6.1.Detergents and disinfectants
  • 7.6.2.Using household bleach as a sanitiser
  • 7.7.Calf sheds and children
  • 8.1.Teaching calves to drink
  • 8.2.The choice of liquid feeds
  • 8.2.1.Colostrum and transition milk
  • 8.2.2.Whole milk
  • 8.2.3.Milk replacer
  • 8.3.The choice of feeding methods
  • 8.3.1.Automatic calf feeders
  • 8.4.How much milk to feed
  • 8.4.1.Benefits of feeding large quantities of milk
  • 8.4.2.Specific decisions for the tropics
  • 8.5.Weaning age
  • 8.6.Other aspects of milk rearing
  • 8.6.1.Milk temperature
  • 8.6.2.Feeding frequency
  • 8.6.3.Milk dilution
  • 8.6.4.Antibacterial residues
  • 8.6.5.Feeding mastitic milk
  • 8.6.6.Labour
  • 8.6.7.Pizzle sucking
  • 8.6.8.Trying out a new system
  • 8.7.Multiple suckling using dairy cows
  • 8.7.1.Continuous suckling
  • Contents note continued: 8.7.2.Restricted suckling
  • 8.7.3.Combining restricted suckling and hand or machine milking
  • 8.7.4.Pros and cons of restricted suckling versus artificial rearing
  • 9.1.The composition of milk replacers
  • 9.2.Describing quality in milk replacers
  • 9.2.1.BAMN guidelines for dry powder
  • 9.2.2.BAMN guidelines for reconstituted liquid
  • 9.3.The nutritive value of milk replacers
  • 9.4.The relative cost of milk replacers
  • 9.5.Using milk replacers to rear calves
  • 9.5.1.The final word on milk replacers
  • 10.1.The nutritive value of solid feeds
  • 10.2.Feed intake and calf performance pre-weaning
  • 10.3.Feed intake and calf performance throughout the rearing period
  • 10.4.Criteria for weaning calves
  • 10.5.Tips to stimulate concentrate intakes
  • 10.5.1.Palatability
  • 10.6.Formulating concentrates for weaned calves
  • 10.6.1.Sourcing calf concentrates in Asia
  • 11.1.Calf scours or neonatal diarrhoea
  • 11.1.1.Types of scours
  • Contents note continued: 11.1.2.Treating scours
  • 11.1.3.Controlling scours through management
  • 11.1.4.Preventing scours
  • 11.2.Pneumonia and other respiratory diseases
  • 11.3.Pulpy kidney and other Clostridial diseases
  • 11.4.Internal parasites and their control
  • 11.5.Johne's disease
  • 11.6.Other diseases in calves
  • 11.6.1.Bloat or tympany
  • 11.6.2.Feed toxicities
  • 11.6.3.Grain poisoning or acidosis
  • 11.6.4.Navel-ill and joint-ill
  • 11.6.5.Pink eye
  • 11.6.6.External parasites
  • 11.6.7.Leptospirosis
  • 11.6.8.Lameness
  • 11.7.Disbudding and dehorning calves
  • 11.7.1.Using caustic potash
  • 11.7.2.Using flexile collodion solution
  • 11.7.3.Using a hot iron (electrical or charcoal)
  • 11.7.4.Using a rubber ring (elastrator)
  • 11.7.5.Using a scoop dehorner
  • 11.8.Calf management and disease
  • 11.8.1.Vaccinate and rest easy
  • 11.9.How to recognise sick calves
  • 11.9.1.Signs to look for
  • 11.9.2.Keep records to help identify problems
  • Contents note continued: 11.10.What should you do with sick calves?
  • 11.10.1.Assisting the veterinarian
  • 11.10.2.Their long-term future
  • 11.10.3.Overuse of antibiotics
  • 11.10.4.Probiotics
  • 11.11.Maintaining a healthy calf shed
  • 11.11.1.Responsible drug handling
  • 11.11.2.Biosecurity when purchasing new stock
  • 11.11.3.Animal and human health
  • 12.1.Signals to watch for
  • 12.2.Changes in normal calf behaviour symptomatic of stress
  • 12.3.The many types of calf scours
  • 12.4.Visual changes in calves symptomatic of stress
  • 12.5.Understand how calves react to people
  • 12.6.Communicate with your calf rearer too!
  • 12.6.1.Developing standard operating procedures
  • 12.7.Contract calf rearing
  • 12.8.Codes of animal welfare for calves
  • 12.8.1.Housing
  • 12.8.2.Feeding
  • 12.8.3.Management practices
  • 12.8.4.Transportation of calves
  • 13.1.On-farm rearing of replacement dairy heifers
  • 13.2.Benefits of heavier heifers
  • 13.3.Targets for growing heifers
  • Contents note continued: 13.3.1.Target pre-calving live weights
  • 13.3.2.Target in-calf live weights
  • 13.3.3.Target growth rates
  • 13.3.4.Target chest girths and wither heights
  • 13.3.5.Target first lactation milk yields
  • 13.3.6.Age of teeth eruption
  • 13.4.Feeding heifers to achieve target live weights
  • 13.4.1.Grazing versus shedding of growing heifers
  • 13.5.Contract heifer rearing
  • 13.6.Using dairy stock for beef production
  • 14.1.Mating replacement heifers
  • 14.2.Natural mating
  • 14.2.1.Bull management for natural mating
  • 14.3.Artificial insemination
  • 14.3.1.Managing artificial insemination
  • 14.3.2.Examples of heat synchronisation
  • 14.3.3.Sexed semen
  • 14.3.4.Targets for heifer mating programs
  • 14.4.Calving down replacement heifers
  • 14.4.1.The actual birth process
  • 14.4.2.Monitoring the actual birth process
  • 14.4.3.Assisting the birth process
  • 14.4.4.Caring for the newborn calf
  • 14.4.5.Cold stress and the newborn calf
  • Contents note continued: 14.4.6.The 10-point plan for managing the birth process
  • 15.1.Costing different feeds for calf rearing
  • 15.1.1.Feed costs associated with calf rearing in Malaysia
  • 15.1.2.A case study of different milk-rearing systems in Vietnam
  • 15.2.Other costs for calf and heifer rearing
  • 15.2.1.The high cost of diseases in calves
  • 15.3.The hidden costs of poor heifer rearing
  • 15.4.Measures of lifetime productivity on small holder dairy farms
  • 15.4.1.Scenario 1. Assuming zero mortality and culling
  • 15.4.2.Scenario 2. After taking into account the impacts of mortality and culling
  • 15.4.3.Conclusions
  • 16.1.Checklists for assessing the system
  • 16.1.1.Peri-natal (pre-calving and first 24 hr)
  • 16.1.2.Pre-weaning feeding management
  • 16.1.3.Pre-weaning herd and health management
  • 16.1.4.Weaning process
  • 16.1.5.Weaning to first calving
  • 16.2.Grading farmer skills in young stock management
  • 16.2.1.Objective criteria for grading skills
  • Contents note continued: 16.2.2.Subjective criteria for grading skills
  • 16.3.A shortlist of high-priority calf and heifer practices
  • 17.1.Planning farmer workshops
  • 17.1.1.Workshop objectives
  • 17.1.2.Developing a workshop program
  • 17.1.3.Practical issues when planning the workshop program
  • 17.1.4.Associated farm visits
  • 17.2.CalfTrack: calf management training system
  • 17.2.1.Newborn calf records
  • 17.2.2.Animal health records
  • 17.3.Additional training material on the internet
  • 17.3.1.Attica Veterinary Association
  • 17.3.2.US Dairy Calf and Heifer Association
  • 17.3.3.Calf and Heifer Adviser
  • 17.3.4.Dairy Australia
  • 18.1.What makes a good calf-rearing system?
  • 18.1.1.Herd performance
  • 18.1.2.Size of operation
  • 18.1.3.First colostrum feeding management
  • 18.1.4.Group size
  • 18.1.5.Gender of rearer
  • 18.1.6.Relationship of rearer to farm owner
  • 18.1.7.Time of feeding roughage
  • 18.1.8.Feeding mastitic or antibiotic milk
  • Contents note continued: 18.1.9.Feeding whole milk to calves
  • 18.2.Monitoring your calf- and heifer-rearing system
  • 18.2.1.Pre-calving (heifer's dams)
  • 18.2.2.Post-calving (heifer's dams)
  • 18.2.3.Pre-weaning
  • 18.2.4.Pre-mating
  • 18.2.5.Post-calving
  • 18.3.What is best management practice and quality assurance?
  • 18.3.1.Planning general herd and heifer management
  • 18.3.2.Planning heifer supply programs
  • 18.3.3.Planning heifer care from birth to weaning
  • 18.3.4.Planning heifer care from weaning to mating
  • 18.3.5.Planning heifer mating programs
  • 18.3.6.Planning heifer care from mating to calving
  • 18.4.Ensuring the relevance of these BMPs to tropical small holder dairy farmers.
Notes
  • Also available via the World Wide Web.
  • Includes bibliographical references (p. [272]-275) and index.
  • Also available online.
Access Conditions
  • Online access restricted to licenced organisations.
Technical Details
  • System requirements: Internet connectivity, World Wide Web browser. Downloading of an entire book requires Adobe Digital Editions. Use of bookmarks requires individual registration with Amigo Reader.
Language
  • English
ISBN
  • 9780643107915
  • 9780643107922
  • 0643107916
  • 0643107428
  • 9780643107427 (pbk.)
Dewey Number
  • 636.2142095
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