Exchange rate regime optimality,as well as monetary policy effectiveness,depends on the tightness of the link between exchange rate movements and import prices.Recent debates hinge on whether producer-currency pricing (PCP)or local-currency pricing (LCP) of imports is more prevalent,and on whether exchange rate pass-through rates are endogenous to a country 's macroeconomic conditions.We provide cross-country and time series evidence on both of these issues for the imports of twenty-five OECD countries. Across the OECD,and especially within manufacturing industries,there is compelling evidence of partial pass-through in the short-run rejecting both PCP and LCP. Over the long run,PCP is more prevalent for many types of imported goods.Higher inflation and exchange rate volatility are weakly associated with higher pass-through of exchange rates into import prices. However, for OECD countries,the most important determinants of changes in pass-through over time are microeconomic and relate to the industry composition of a country 's import bundle.
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