English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: HEALTH AND THE EVOLUTION OF WELFARE ACROSS BRAZILIAN MUNICIPALITIES Rodrigo R. Soares

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/168887
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Health and the Evolution of Welfare across Brazilian Municipalities
Author
  • Rodrigo R. Soares
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13087
  • RePEc:anp:en2006:105
  • This paper describes the pattern of reductions in mortality across Brazilian municipalities between 1970 and 2000, and analyzes its causes and consequences. It shows that, as in the international context, the relationship between income and life expectancy has shifted consistently in the recent past. But reductions in mortality within Brazil have been more homogeneously distributed than across countries. We use a compensating differentials approach to estimate the value of the observed reductions in mortality. The results suggest that gains in life expectancy had a welfare value equivalent to 39% of the growth in income per capita, being therefore responsible for 28% of the overall improvement in welfare. We then use a dynamic panel to conduct a preliminary assessment of the potential determinants of these gains. We show that improvements in education, access to water, and sanitation seem to be important determinants of the dimension of changes in life expectancy not correlated with income.
  • mortality, life expectancy, value of life, inequality, health
  • RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2771
Language
  • English
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