Presentation cup, electroplated silver, made in Birmingham, England for Hardy Brothers Limited, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1928, presented to Charles Thomas Philippe Ulm, by Hearst Newspapers, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, June 1928
A silver presentation cup on a low foot. The cup has a curved handle featuring a lion's head on either side. Text has been engraved on the front of the cup. There is a Birmingham (anchor) hallmark on the reverse side of the cup near the lip.
Engraved text reads '1928 / "SOUTHERN CROSS" / TRANS-PACIFIC FLIGHT / OAKLAND USA JUNE 1st SYDNEY AUST JUNE 10th / PRESENTED TO / MR C.T.P. ULM / BY HEARST NEWSPAPERS'.
This trophy was presented to Charles Thomas Phillippe Ulm, co-commander of the Fokker Trimotor aircraft "Southern Cross" for the record breaking first trans-Pacific flight from Oakland, California to Brisbane, Australia via Hawaii and Fiji in May/June 1928. The commander of the flight was Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, with Harry Lyon as navigator and Jim Warner as radio operator. The magnitude of their achievement was recognised widely by the reception of Kingsford Smith and Ulm at many official dinners ("57 in all") where they were presented with awards for the historic flight. This particular trophy was presented to Ulm by Hearst Newspapers, an American company. Kingsford Smith and Ulm had stayed for several days with William Randolph Hearst at his ranch, St. Simeon, for a few days prior to the trans-Pacific flight.
The trophy, bearing Birmingham hallmarks, was supplied by Hardy Bros, a firm founded by John Hardy in Sydney in 1853. After arriving in Australia on board the ship "Plantagenet" from Nottinghamshire England, Hardy, aged 22, commenced trading as Hardy Brothers from his rooms in Jamison Street, Sydney in that same year. Before leaving England he had formed a partnership with his elder brother Samuel, a watchmaker and jeweller with shops in St Ives and Huntington, who provided the initial stock. During 1855 John Hardy opened a showroom in Hunter Street, Sydney, that became the home of Hardy Bros for over 80 years.
Hardy Bros, still in existence (the firm was under the control of the Hardy family until 1980), achieved a high reputation as watchmakers, jewellers, silversmiths and opticians in Australia in the second part of the nineteenth century. Hardy Bros engaged outside craftsmen to make presentation silverware and jewellery, and from the 1900s also imported a wide range of goods bearing hallmarks of the London, Birmingham and Sheffield office. The business in Sydney was very successful and Hardy Bros is credited with the introduction of electroplated silverwere, mostly imported, and silver cutlery to Australia around 1860. As a result of their success, Hardy Brothers opened a showroom at 116 Queen Street, Brisbane in 1894, followed in 1918 by the opening of the Melbourne showroom located at 298 Collins Street. John's other brother, Arthur Morley Hardy, appears as one of the owners of the building purchased in Brisbane in 1894. In 1929 Hardy Bros received the Royal Warrant from His Majesty King George V as goldsmiths and jewellers, entitling them to use the Royal coat of arms in connection with their business.
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