Urban Local Bodies and Management of Environment: Role of Kolhapur Municipal Corporation (KMC) in Maharashtra
Kamble P. S.
Environment has become part and parcel of living things in general and human beings in particular. Hence, it has become a must to protect the environment for the survival and well being of living things as well as people in particular. Therefore, environment protection should be on the top agenda of a country. It is a fact that environment protection has a vast and wide scope, which demands attempts and active participation of many stakeholders like private sector, public sector, Government, co-operative sector and all others. Government is supreme authority and the representative of the people. Hence, it becomes the increased responsibility of the government to endeavor rigorously and honestly for the protection of the environment for the well being of the society as a whole. Government works at three levels- national, state and local in the countries like India. The problem of environmental degradation has become of greater gravity in the urban areas than rural areas due to growing urbanization inmany countries, especially the country like India. Hence, the 74th amendment to the Indian Constitution in 1992 has given constitutional status to urban local governments, as well as has assigned some additional responsibilities to them. One of them is protection of the environment by undertaking various activities like solid waste management, public health, parks and gardens and tree plantation, liquid waste management, supply of pure drinking water etc. ULBs in general and the KMC in particular are attempting for environmental protection in the proper direction. But they are lacking adequate funds.
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