WELFARE CHANGES IN EASTERN EUROPEAN AND CENTRAL ASIAN TRANSITION ECONOMIES
This paper investigates the regularities of the transition processes in countries at different levels of transformation from 1994–1998. Twenty-four countries are involved into the analysis and the indicator of welfare is used for analysis. Welfare is measured by the production of gross product per capita, which is adjusted with purchasing power parity (GDP-PPP). The 24 countries will be divided into three groups according to the level of transformation, using the canonical discriminant analysis. The basis of the analysis will be the transition index computed by EBRD. For each group, a component analysis related to various economic indicators will be used. From the results, four transition components will be formed. The effect of the obtained transition components on welfare will be examined with the help of regression analysis, the results of which are the basis for interpreting the causes of welfare changes. The paper concludes that the main factor determining welfare is the development level of a country. Other factors have less influence.
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