Firms with foreign participation and their influence on export activity in Russia. Firm-level panel evidence
The paper aims to study the impact of export operations of firms with foreign participation on the export activities of domestic enterprises. Analysis of panel data covers firm-level exports as well as firm export performance on the level of individual commodity. Our research tests for the presence of industrial, regional and commodity-specific spillover effects. The results of the analysis show that spillover effects from foreign affiliate and joint venture exporters on the industry level are negative. On the regional level results are ambiguous. Higher education in a region amplifies any positive effects. Strong support is also found for the existence of positive commodity-specific spillover effects.
Russia, multinational firms; international business, firm behavior
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