Energy Consumption and GDP in Market and Transitional Economies
A cross-country analysis of factors affecting the levels of the energy intensity of production in the countries with both the market and the transitional economies is provided. Climatic conditions, variables of institutional environment, production structure variations and evaluations of unofficial economy shares are involved into consideration. These variables turned out to be significant when explaining the differences of energy intensity. We construct regressions for both the values of absolute levels and their time change indices involving 1993, 1995, 1996 and 2000 statistics. We show that the quality of institutional environment directly affects the process of energy consumers' adjustment to energy price changes: the higher is the institutions' quality the more effective are the measures aimed at the energy conservation. The samples used include up to 117 economies.
Russia, energy intensity, institutions, prices, unofficial economy
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