Corporate Governance and Earnings Quality. Evidence From Spanish Companies
Juan Monterrey Mayoral
This paper presents an empirical analysis of the impact of Corporate Governance practices on the quality of earnings reported by Spanish listed companies. Based on a sample of 136 non-financial firms over the period 2003-2005, we computed abnormal accruals based on Jones (1991) model as a proxy for earnings quality and experimental variables representing size, independence and activeness of the Board of Directors and the Audit Committee, CEO power concentration, board members’ compensation schemes and ownership structure. Our results suggest that earnings quality is slightly positively affected by the nature and intensiveness of the activities carried out by the Board, but has no relationship with its size and composition. None of the variables related to the Audit Committee showed a significant association with earnings quality. As for ownership structure, we found that intermediate levels of participation of the members of the Board in the firms’ capital have a positive contribution to the quality of earnings. However, subsequent increases in their stake result in a decrease in earnings quality. We also provide evidence that the presence of founding families among corporate shareholders is positively associated with earnings quality and that the existence of shareholders with significant stock blocks has no relevant effect thereon. Our results are robust and consistent in the presence of alternative functional specifications.
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