A First Assessment of Environment-Related Trade Barriers
Friedrich von Kirchbach
International trade can affect the environment in different ways. This may justify the introduction of border measures by the importing countries. However, abuse of environmental arguments for protectionist reasons is likely. In order to disentangle protectionism from dispositions justified on the grounds of true environmental concerns, we systematically review notifications of all importing countries of the 5000 products traded at the world level. We find that 88% of world trade is potentially affected, while half of world imports potentially are subject to a protectionist use of such measures. Agriculture, the automobile industry, the pharmaceutical industry and many other sectors are concerned. LDCs' exporters are the countries most affected by these new trade policies.
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