International Trade and Income Distribution: Reconsidering the Evidence
This paper reconsiders the evidence concerning the influence of international trade on income distribution. Our analysis is based on a theoretical model which does not make any restrictive assumption about how trade specialization is linked to factor endowments. In this framework, the influence of international trade changes on income distribution is captured by a specific definition of the factor content of net export changes. Our main empirical finding is that the factor content of net export changes, expressed relatively to the country's factor endowment, does have a significant impact on income distribution, but the sign and magnitude of this impact is conditional on country’s income level or on the share of non-educated in the population.
International trade; income distribution; international integration; globalization; growth
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