English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Ethnic Networks, Information, and International Trade: Revisiting the Evidence Gabriel J Felbermayr; Benjamin Jung; Farid Toubal

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/15802
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Ethnic Networks, Information, and International Trade: Revisiting the Evidence
Author
  • Gabriel J Felbermayr
  • Benjamin Jung
  • Farid Toubal
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • Influential empirical work by Rauch and Trindade (REStat, 2002) finds that Chinese ethnic networks of the magnitude observed in Southeast Asia increase bilateral trade by at least 60%. We argue that this estimate is upward biased due to omitted variable bias. Moreover, it is partly related to a preference effect rather than to enforcement and/​or the availability of information. Applying a theory-based gravity model to ethnicity data for 1980 and 1990, and focusing on pure network effects, we find that the Chinese network leads to a more modest amount of trade creation of about 15%. Using new data on bilateral stocks of migrants from the World Bank for the year of 2000, we extend the analysis to all potential ethnic networks. We find, i.a., evidence for a Polish, a Turkish, a Mexican, or an Indian network. While confirming the existence of a Chinese network, its trade creating potential is dwarfed by other ethnic networks.
  • Gravity model, international trade,network effects, international migration. regression
  • RePEc:hoh:hohdip:306
Language
  • English
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