SPINNING OUT NEW VENTURES: A TYPOLOGY OF INCUBATION STRATEGIES FROM EUROPEAN RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS
E. VAN DE VELDE
This paper explores the different incubation strategies for spinning-out companies employed by European Research Institutions. More specifically we focus on two central questions: (i) What differences or similarities are there in the goals and objectives of the Research Institutions for creating new spinout ventures? (ii) What different incubation strategies are employed to achieve these goals in terms of the resources utilized and activities undertaken? The study uses a two-stage approach. In the first stage, 7 spin-out services in five European countries were selected for analysis. Based upon an in-depth analysis of these seven cases, we identified three distinct incubation models of managing the spin-out process: Low selective, Supportive, and Incubator. The different incubation models have very different resource implications in managing the process. In particular, we identify resource and competence differences relating to finance, organization, human resources, technology, network and infrastructure. In the second stage, 43 cases were used to validate these incubation models in terms of resources and activities. This process identified two categories that departed from the normative models, namely the resource deficient group and the competence deficient group.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.