English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Endogenous Constitutions Davide Ticchi; Andrea Vindigni

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/155267
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Endogenous Constitutions
Author
  • Davide Ticchi
  • Andrea Vindigni
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • We present a theory of the choice of alternative democratic constitutions, a majoritarian or a consensual one, in an unequal society. A majoritarian democracy redistributes resources from the collectivity toward relatively few people, and has a relatively small government and low level of taxation. A consensual democracy redistributes resources toward a broader spectrum of social groups but also has a larger government and a higher level of taxation. We show that a consensual system turns out to be preferred by society when ex ante income inequality is relatively low, while a majoritarian system is chosen when income inequality is relatively high. We also obtain that consensual democracies should be expected to be ruled more often by center-left coalitions while the right should have an advantage in majoritarian constitutions. The implications for the relationship between inequality and redistribution are discussed. Historical evidence and a cross-sectional analysis support our results.
  • Endogenous constitutions, consensual democracy, majoritarian democracy, inequality
  • RePEc:upf:upfgen:896
Language
  • English
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