Labour Market Formation Patterns in Nineteenth Century Catalonia
In this paper we portray the features of the Catalan textiles labour market in a period of technological change. Supply and demand for labour as well as a gendered view of living standards are presented. A first set of results is that labour supply adjusts to changes in labour demand trough the spread of new demographic attitudes. In this respect we imply that labour economic agents (or labour population) were able to modify the economic condition of their children. A second set of results refers to living standards and income distribution inequality. In this respect we see that unemployment and protectionism were the main sources breeding income inequality. A third set of results deals with the extreme labour market segmentation according to gender. Since women’s real wages did not obey to an economic rationale we conclude that women were outside the labour market.
Labour force and employment, fertility control, real wages, gender and labour, income distribution
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