The study deals with the relations and trade-offs between gainful employment and housework and tries to evaluate the total of non-marketed goods and services produced by private households. A review of alternative methods suggests that results of such an evaluation may differ considerably. Valuing labour input at the contractual wage rate of household employees yields a value added of unpaid housework equivalent to 30–38 percent of GDP. Taking employment and housework together, the average work load of women in Austria is in all age-groups higher than that of men. While men spend relatively more time in their occupation, household work is carried out to 80 percent by women and 20 percent by men.
Der Haushaltssektor. Der volkswirtschaftliche Wert der unbezahlten Arbeit; The Economic Value of Unpaid Housework
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