English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Indicateurs bibliométriques et analyse des systèmes de recherche : Méthodes et exemples Yoshiko Okubo

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Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Indicateurs bibliométriques et analyse des systèmes de recherche : Méthodes et exemples
Author
  • Yoshiko Okubo
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • Ce rapport qui s’apparente aux documents techniques des manuels de l’OCDE pour la mesure des activités de R-D (“famille Frascati”) présente les principes de la bibliométrie et leurs applications à l’analyse des systèmes de recherche. La bibliométrie peut se définir comme la discipline qui mesure et analyse la production (“l’output”) de la science sous forme d’articles, de publications, de citations, de brevets et autres indicateurs dérivé plus complexes. La bibliométrie constitue un instrument important dans l’évaluation des activités de recherche, des laboratoires et des chercheurs, ainsi que dans l’appréciation des spécialisations et des performances scientifiques des pays. Ce document, après avoir rappelé les conditions de développement de la bibliométrie, présente les bases de données sur lesquelles elle se fonde, puis les principaux indicateurs que l’on utilise. Vingt-cinq exemples commentés sont présentés à la fin du document illustrant les divers usages des méthodes ... This report – linked to the technical documents of the OECD manuals for the measurement of R&​D activities (“Frascati family”) – presents the essential elements of bibliometrics and its application to the analysis of research systems. Bibliometrics is based on the enumeration and statistical analysis of scientific output in the form of articles, publications, citations, patents and other more complex indicators. It is an important tool in evaluating research activities, laboratories and scientists as well as the scientific specialisations and performances of countries. The report, having set the background to the development of bibliometrics, presents the databases on which bibiometrics are elaborated as well as the principal indicators used. Twenty-five exemples are presented at the end of the document, illustrating the various uses of bibliometrics methods for analysing research systems. These indicators measure scientific output by counting the number of publications, the impacts ...
  • RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1997/​1-fr
Language
  • English
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