English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Factors Influencing the Steel Work Force: 1980 to 1995 Donald F. Barnett

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/146827
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Factors Influencing the Steel Work Force: 1980 to 1995
Author
  • Donald F. Barnett
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • The steel industry in OECD countries has undergone profound change during the past several decades. Capacity has been reduced significantly, while substantial investment has been made to improve processing efficiency and product quality. Two key technological developments have driven this process. The first is rapid expansion of the use of continuous casting, a technology that has improved product quality, reduced energy consumption and greatly increased efficiency. The second is significant growth in electric furnace steelmaking, particularly at highly efficient small-scale mini-mills, that produce an expanding range of steel products using ferrous scrap as the principal raw material. These and other technological changes, combined with plant closures and other restructuring, have greatly reduced industry employment. Despite growth in finished steel production, employment has fallen by close to 40 per cent in the OECD area since 1980. This document examines how the employment ... Le secteur de l'acier des pays de l'OCDE s'est profondément transformé au cours des dernières décennies. Les capacités ont été fortement réduites, tandis que d'importants investissements ont été consacrés à l'amélioration de l'efficacité du traitement et de la qualité des produits. Deux importantes avancées technologiques ont donné l'impulsion à ce processus. La première est la diffusion rapide de la coulée continue, technique qui a amélioré la qualité des produits, réduit la consommation d'énergie et considérablement accru les rendements. La seconde est l’essor rapide de la fabrication d'acier dans des fours électriques, en particulier des micro-fours très efficaces, qui produisent une gamme de plus en plus étendue de produits d'acier en utilisant la ferraille comme principale matière première. Ces progrès et d'autres changements technologiques, combinés à la fermeture d'aciéries et à d'autres opérations de restructuration, ont fortement réduit l'emploi dans ce secteur. En dépit ...
  • RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1996/​6-en
Language
  • English
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