English, Article edition: ANALYTICAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF ANT BEHAVIOR UNDER CROWDED CONDITIONS KARSTEN PETERS; ANDERS JOHANSSON; AUDREY DUSSUTOUR; ...

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/143584
Physical Description
  • article
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • ANALYTICAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF ANT BEHAVIOR UNDER CROWDED CONDITIONS
Author
  • KARSTEN PETERS
  • ANDERS JOHANSSON
  • AUDREY DUSSUTOUR
  • DIRK HELBING
Physical Description
  • article
Notes
  • Swarm intelligence is widely recognized as a powerful paradigm of self-organized optimization, with numerous examples of successful applications in distributed artificial intelligence. However, the role of physical interactions in the organization of traffic flows in ants under crowded conditions has only been studied very recently. The related results suggest new ways of congestion control and simple algorithms for optimal resource usage based on local interactions and, therefore, decentralized control concepts. Here, we present a mathematical analysis of such concepts for an experiment with two alternative ways with limited capacities between a food source and the nest of an ant colony. Moreover, we carry out microscopic computer simulations for generalized setups, in which ants have more alternatives or the alternative ways are of different lengths. In this way and by variation of interaction parameters, we can get a better idea of how powerful congestion control based on local repulsive interactions may be. Finally, we discuss potential applications of this design principle to routing in traffic or data networks and machine usage in supply systems.
  • Ants, traffic, crowding, congestion control, multi-agent simulation, swarm intelligence
  • RePEc:wsi:acsxxx:v:09:y:2006:i:04:p:337-352
Language
  • English
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