The impact of agroforestry-based soil fertility replenishment practices on the poor in Western Kenya Place, Frank; Adato, Michelle; Hebinck, Paul; ...

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Authors
Place, Frank ; Adato, Michelle ; Hebinck, Paul ; Omosa, Mary
Subjects
soil fertility kenya; agroforestry projects; natural resource management
Contents
  • Machine derived contents note: Contents
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • 1. Introduction 1
  • 2. Research Methods 11
  • 3. The Context of the Research 39
  • 4. Poverty in Context 51
  • 5. Household-Level Livelihood Strategies and Their Context 65
  • 6. Processes and Patterns of Adoption 77
  • 7. SFR and Rural Peoples? Livelihood in Western Kenya 117
  • 8. Dissemination of SFR Technologies: Comparing Approaches, Methods,
  • and Experiences 153
  • 9. Human and Social Capital Formation: Dissemination Within the Villages 195
  • 10. Conclusions and Recommendations 235
  • Appendix A: Results and Tests from First-Stage Regressions 251
  • Appendix B: Six Village-Level Case Studies of Dissemination Processes 259
  • Appendix C: Additional Examples of PRA Exercises on Dissemination Comparison
  • of Poor Men and Women?s Groups in Mutsulio 323
  • References 329
  • Tables
  • 1 Phase 1, Wave 1 case studies of impact of agricultural research under the
  • IFPRI/SPIA Project 2
  • 2 Case study villages 29
  • 3 Villages and dissemination approaches in the dissemination study 33
  • 4 Research design matrix: Assets, vulnerability, and livelihoods 34
  • 5 Research design matrix: Dissemination strategies 36
  • 6 Distribution of poverty in pilot villages (n = 104) using alternative
  • classifications 62
  • 7 Distribution of poverty in nonpilot villages (n = 360), using alternative
  • classifications 64
  • 8 Livelihood strategies pursued by individuals in pilot villages (130 households) 66
  • 9 Use of agroforestry in the pilot villages over time (in percent of 1,538
  • households) 80
  • 10 Use of agroforestry in nonpilot villages over time (percent of 360 households) 80
  • 11 Patterns of use of improved fallows and biomass transfer in the pilot villages
  • (by percent of 1,598 households) 82
  • 12 Rates of use of improved fallows in early nonpilot area villages 83
  • 13 Size of fallows over time in pilot villages (square meters) 84
  • 14 Planting of tithonia biomass transfer systems on farm over time in pilot
  • villages (percent of households planting) 85
  • 15 Household factors related to adoption of improved fallow in the pilot villages
  • 1997-2001 (n = 1,583) 90
  • 16 Household factors related to adoption of biomass transfer in the pilot villages,
  • 1997-2001 (n = 1,583) 93
  • 17 Multinomial logit results for adoption of improved fallows in nonpilot
  • villages (n = 361) 96
  • 18 Multinomial logit results for adoption of biomass transfer in nonpilot villages
  • (n = 361) 97
  • 19 Use rates of soil fertility management options over time in nonpilot project
  • areas 112
  • 20 Soil fertility practices and maize yield impacts 123
  • 21 Description of household liquid assets in pilot and nonpilot villages 134
  • 22 Econometric results from second-stage regression of agroforestry on changes
  • in assets in the pilot villages (n = 97) 136
  • 23 Total nonfood expenditures, per capita nonfood expenditures, and changes
  • during the three-month-long rainy season in 2000-02 (in US dollars) 138
  • 24 Econometric results from second-stage regressions of agroforestry on changes
  • in nonfood expenditures and per capita nonfood expenditures in the pilot
  • villages (n = 102) 139
  • 25 Percent of daily requirements of nutritional measures at the household level
  • prior to a long-rain harvest 141
  • 26 Econometric results from second-stage regression of agroforestry use on
  • nutritional measurements (n = 102) 143
  • 27 Village selection for the dissemination study 155
  • 28 Summary of reach and effectiveness of different sources of information on
  • SFR (in percentage of all households located in relevant villages) 174
  • 29 Percentage of households receiving information on agroforestry from other
  • farmers or any source 177
  • 30 Percent of households with direct contact for SFR information, by source
  • and wealth group 180
  • 31 Knowledge gain for tithonia and improved fallow in the six study villages
  • from focus group discussions 224
  • 32 Knowledge acquisition in agricultural topics from household survey in
  • nonpilot villages (n = 361) 227
  • Figures
  • 1 Sustainable livelihoods framework 15
  • 2 Adoption patterns of improved fallows and biomass transfer in the pilot
  • villages over time, 1997-2001 (by percent of 1,630 households) 82
  • 3 Adoption patterns of improved fallows and biomass transfer in the pilot
  • villages by 2001 (percent of 1,630 households) 84
  • 4 Village map of institutions involved with SFR information exchange
  • (Bukhalalire poor men?s focus group) 157
  • 5 Average preferences for dissemination methods used by external
  • organizations in six villages 188
  • 6 Average assessments of relative importance of internal disseminators in poor
  • versus nonpoor focus groups 200
  • 7 Average assessments of relative importance of internal disseminators in men
  • versus women?s focus groups 201
  • 8 Sauri poor women?s group, at least four years of primary education 220
  • 9 Sauri nonpoor women?s group education level: At least four years of
  • primary education 221
  • 10 Average knowledge gain for each technology, by village 222
  • Boxes
  • 1 Relay Type of Strategies 68
  • 2 Types of Farmers and Farming Systems 72
  • 3 Increased Farm Yields 119
  • 4 Mitigating Vulnerability 120.
Bookmark
http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/13348
Work ID
13348

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