English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Inequality and Specialization: The Growth of Low-Skill Service Jobs in the United States David H. Autor; David Dorn

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/140972
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Inequality and Specialization: The Growth of Low-Skill Service Jobs in the United States
Author
  • David H. Autor
  • David Dorn
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • After a decade in which wages and employment fell precipitously in low-skill occupations and expanded in high-skill occupations, the shape of U.S. earnings and job growth sharply polarized in the 1990s. Employment shares and relative earnings rose in both low and high-skill jobs, leading to a distinct U-shaped relationship between skill levels and employment and wage growth. This paper analyzes the sources of the changing shape of the lower-tail of the U.S. wage and employment distributions. A first contribution is to document a hitherto unknown fact: the twisting of the lower tail is substantially accounted for by a single proximate cause--rising employment and wages in low-education, in-person service occupations. We study the determinants of this rise at the level of local labor markets over the period of 1950 through 2005. Our approach is rooted in a model of changing task specialization in which `routine' clerical and production tasks are displaced by automation. We find that in labor markets that were initially specialized in routine-intensive occupations, employment and wages polarized after 1980, with growing employment and earnings in both high-skill occupations and low-skill service jobs.
  • RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15150
Language
  • English
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