Russian Applied Research and Development: Its Problems and its Promise.
This Research Report discusses the changing nature of research and development in Russia. In the decades following World War II the USSR was one of the two great powers in R&D; the other was the USA. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the R&D sector went into a precipitous decline that continued until at least 1995. The collection of papers in this report address what went wrong. A number of broad issues are addressed, such as whether the decline of R&D sector from 1991 to 1995 was too steep or too modest for the welfare of the Russian economy; how the structure and organization of Russian applied R&D should be developed over the long term; and what role government policy should play in Russian applied R&D. Chapters in the report were written by Russian senior officials and scholars of R&D policy from outside Russia.
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