Degradation of Forestland in Land-Use/Cover Patterns of Russia.
By manifesting the response of land to human activity and impacts, degradation of forestland indicates the locations where society is in conflict with sustaining the forest environment. The analysis of land degradation in various land-use/cover patterns of Russia's vast forest zone (about 1050 million ha., or 63% of the country) clearly demonstrates two human-induced problems, inappropriate technology and improper management, causing land degradation on 9% of the territory. The study illustrates the high vulnerability of forest soils (in comparison to steppe grassland soils) after conversion to intensive cultivation. Thus, a balanced combination of forests and cropland has been found to be the most sustainable land use in the forest zone.
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