English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Female Labour Force Participation: Past Trends and Main Determinants in OECD Countries Florence Jaumotte

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/136785
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Female Labour Force Participation: Past Trends and Main Determinants in OECD Countries
Author
  • Florence Jaumotte
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • This paper examines the determinants of female labour force participation in OECD countries, including a number of policy instruments such as the tax treatment of second earners (relative to single individuals), childcare subsidies, child benefits, paid maternity and parental leaves, and tax incentives to sharing market work between spouses. The econometric analysis uses a panel data set covering 17 OECD countries over the period 1985-1999, and distinguishes between part-time and full-time female participation rates. It shows a positive impact on female participation of a more neutral tax treatment of second earners (relative to single individuals), stronger tax incentives to share market work between spouses, childcare subsidies, and paid maternity and parental leaves Unlike childcare subsidies, child benefits reduce female participation due to an income effect and their lump-sum character. Finally, female education, the general labour market conditions, and cultural attitudes ... Participation des femmes au marché du travail : Tendances passées et principaux déterminants dans les pays de l’OCDE Cet article examine les déterminants de la participation des femmes au marché du travail dans les pays de l’OCDE, incluant un certain nombre d’instruments de politique économique tels que le traitement fiscal du deuxième revenu du foyer (par rapport à la taxation d’un individu célibataire), les subsides aux dépenses de garde d’enfants, les allocations familiales, les congés de maternité et parentaux rémunérés, ainsi que les incitants fiscaux à partager le travail rémunéré entre époux. L’analyse économétrique utilise une base de données de panel couvrant 17 pays de l’OCDE sur la période 1985-1999, et distingue entre taux de participation féminine à temps partiel et à temps complet. Elle révèle que la participation féminine est stimulée par un traitement fiscal plus neutre du deuxième revenu du foyer, de plus grands incitants fiscaux à partager le travail rémunéré entre époux, les subsides aux dépenses de garde d’enfants, et par les congés de maternité et parentaux ...
  • government expenditure, dépenses publiques, economics of gender, size and structure, force de travail et emploi, taille et structure, efficiency, optimal taxation, fiscal policies and behaviour of households, child care, labour force and employment, time allocation and labour supply (part-time employment, work sharing), efficience, taxation optimale, politiques publiques et comportement des ménages, garde d'enfants, économie de l'égalité des sexes, allocation du temps, emploi à temps partiel, partage du travail, offre de travail
  • RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:376-en
Language
  • English
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