TESTING MARSHALLIAN AND WALRASIAN INSTABILITY WITH AN AGENT-BASED MODEL
Do the Marshallian and Walrasian models have a firm foundation on micromotives, or are they just macroabstractions that we could dispense in microeconomics? Previous evidence from experimental economics with human subjects in continuous double auction markets shows that, if the supply is downward-sloping or the demand is upward-sloping, the Marshallian stability model captures the observed phenomena but the Walrasian does not. But, of course, in human subjects experiments the basic question of what the human agents' behavior is remains open. We build an artificial agent-based model to show that the path of convergence needs more intelligence than the zero-intelligence framework. Results from experimental economics with human agents reproduced with artificial agents at a low cost and with an increase in the reliability of the experiment. Not only the existence but also the computation of the stability is relevant. These results cast a shadow on the interest of both instability concepts in economic theory.
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