SCALE-INVARIANCE OF NORMALIZED YEARLY MEAN GRAIN YIELD ANOMALY SERIES
RICARDO DAVID VALDEZ-CEPEDA
GERARDO MIRAMONTES-de LEÃN
JOSÃ LUIS GARCÃA-HERNÃNDEZ
In crop science, tools of non-linear dynamics, fractals, chaos, intermittency and self-organized criticality may be employed and applied to the analysis of spatial variability and temporal behavior of agro-meteorological variables, soil properties, plant attributes, commercial yields, and prices of the agricultural products in order to gain knowledge about underlying complex processes. A search on the occurrence of particular scaling laws in Mexico's normalized yearly mean grain yield anomaly series of maize (Zea mays L.), beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rice (Oriza sativa L.), using a variography approach is reported in this work. Additionally, power spectrum determination, time-frequency analysis, and estimation of Lyapunov exponent were performed for each profile in order to obtain useful information on the frequency contents and signs at which important frequencies occur as well as to determine their sensitivity to initial conditions. Fractal analysis gives us the order maize < wheat < rice < beans of sensitivity to external forcings, which was the same as that obtained through the Lyapunov exponent values. Results confirm that the final outputs (crop yields) in agricultural systems are affected by the magnetic and sunspot cycles of the Sun, the El NiÃ±o Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and the quasi-biannual oscillation, and possibly by the so-called heliospheric mid-term-quasi-periodicities, which act on different time (or spatial and spatial-time) scales. In particular, the maize normalized year anomaly series is clearly correlated with March, April, May and June series of the ENSO index.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.