Knowledge-Based Expert System Development and Validation with Petri Nets
Expert systems (ESs) are complex information systems that are expensive to build and difficult to validate. Numerous knowledge representation strategies such as rules, semantic networks, frames, objects and logical expressions are developed to provide high-level abstraction of a system. Rules are the most commonly used form of knowledge representation and they are derived from popular techniques such as decision trees and decision tables. Despite their huge popularity, decision trees and decision tables are static and cannot model the dynamic requirements of a system. In this study, we propose Petri Nets (PNs) for dynamic system representation and rule derivation. PNs with their graphical and precise nature and their firm mathematical foundation are especially useful for building ESs that exhibit a variety of situations, including: sequential execution, conflict, concurrency, synchronisation, merging, confusion, or prioritisation. We demonstrate the application of our methodology in the design and development of a medical diagnostic expert system.
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