English, Article edition: ON TRUTH, UNCERTAINTY, EQUILIBRIUM AND HARMONY â A TAXONOMY FOR YINYANG SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING WEN-RAN ZHANG; PAUL P. WANG; KARL E. PEACE; ...

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/133034
Physical Description
  • article
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • ON TRUTH, UNCERTAINTY, EQUILIBRIUM AND HARMONY â A TAXONOMY FOR YINYANG SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING
Author
  • WEN-RAN ZHANG
  • PAUL P. WANG
  • KARL E. PEACE
  • JUSTIN ZHAN
  • YAN-QING ZHANG
Physical Description
  • article
Notes
  • Although modern scientific and technological advances derive computational power primarily from the classical evidence-based bottom-up cognition as founded by Greek philosopher Aristotle in his philosophy of science with a bivalent logic, the classical cognition, however, has met stiff challenges during the last few decades because of uncertainty faced by many new scientific endeavors. The holistic top-down nature of nanotechnology and brain modeling are just two of many examples. This new development points to the need for a critical review of the historical origins and distinctions of both top-down and bottom-up cognitions. This paper reviews the philosophy of science as founded by Aristotle (300BC), the Platonic realism as founded by Aristotle's teacher Plato (400BC-300BC), and the YinYang philosophy as founded by the ancient Chinese philosopher Laozi (or Laotze) (600BC). It is suggested that the long-standing unsettled dispute between Aristotle and Plato features a major source of uncertainty for both logic and mathematics. The authors hence propose a number of controversial philosophical and logical issues for debate. We advocate YinYang as an inspiration and unifying force for both top-down inductive and bottom-up deductive reasoning. We attempt to use an equilibrium-based YinYang bipolar dynamic logic (BDL) to bridge the gap between Aristotle and Plato as well as between logic and mathematics. Furthermore, we present a taxonomy for YinYang scientific computing with a classification of logical and statistical models for further discussion; we suggest that YinYang can be used as a catalyst for resolving certain "terminological difficulties" regarding truth, polarity, intuitionism, para-consistency, and fuzziness for equilibrium and harmony. A number of critical points are enumerated and discussed. An open challenge is posted.
  • Bottom-up reasoning, top-down reasoning, bipolar holistic cognition, truth and uncertainty, equilibrium and harmony, YinYang scientific computing
  • RePEc:wsi:nmncxx:v:04:y:2008:i:02:p:207-229
Language
  • English
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