Feminization of Agricultural Labor and Women's Domestic Status: Eveidence from Labor Households in India
Women’s share of agricultural wage employment is rising across the Indian sub-continent. Studies examining this process of feminization tend to be divided along lines of an ideological debate following either the ‘poverty-push’ or the ‘demand-pull’ argument. This debate however has largely ignored the institution of patriarchy. This study revisits the debate with a focus on domestic gender relations. We find that, despite increased labor market participation, women’s household status remains acutely depressed. Women laborers, with access to productive assets, however, are effectively reworking gender relations within and outside the household. Their experiences, we argue, have implications for transformative policies.
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