CRESCIMENTO ENDÓGENO, ENDIVIDAMENTO EXTERNO E CONTROLES DE CAPITAIS: UMA ANÁLISE A PARTIR DE UM MODELO MACRODINÂMICO PÓS-KEYNESIANO
Guilherme Jonas Costa da Silva
José Luís da Costa Oreiro
The present article develops a post-keynesian macrodynamic model in which the growth rate of real income is an endogenous variable in order to analyze the effects of capital controls over macroeconomic performance of emergent economies. For such we start from the models developed by Oreiro (2004) and Oreiro and Guerberoff (2004). I this framework is possible to reevaluate the impact of capitals controls over long-term dynamics of emergent economies, taking in account possible interactions b capital controls and economic growth. The first important conclusion is that the capitals controls do not affect the stability properties of the long-run equilibrium positions of the model. The simulation results show that introduction of capitals controls is a useful policy to reduce the level of domestic interest rate, to raise economic growth, to increase the degree of capacity utilization and to reduce the level of external indebtedness. However, the deficit in current account was relatively higher with capitals controls.
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