DETERMINANTES DA LOCALIZAÇÃO INDUSTRIAL NO BRASIL E GEOGRAFIA ECONÔMICA: EVIDÊNCIAS PARA O PERÍODO PÓS-REAL
Magno Vamberto Batista da Silva
Raul da Mota Silveira Neto
This work deals with the determinants of the industrial location, estimating the effects of the external economies on the growth of the employment of the manufacturing for the states of Brazil in the period from 1994 to 2002. It uses agglomeration's measures of the same industry - specialization - and among different industries - diversity - that reflect technological spillovers and considers the variables transport costs and backward and forward linkages associated to the New Economic Geography. The main idea is that firms benefit from the proximity and concentration of activities both in the same or different industries. The work uses regression cross-section and focus on the dynamic externalities. The principal results point out to the positive association between the growth of the employment and the market linkages and the industrial diversity, do not favor specialization. So, they are consistent with the models of the New Economic Geography, of Jacobs' theories and part of the predictions of Porter, but not with the MAR's theories (Marshall, Arrow and Romer).
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