INVESTIGANDO INTERAÇÃO E MÚTUA DETERMINAÇÃO ENTRE CIÊNCIA E TECNOLOGIA
Catari Vilela Chaves
The literature about the economics of science and technology (C&T) suggests not only that the technological innovation demands the expansion of the institutional borders between universities, research institutes, industrial firms and the financial system, but also that science leads as well as follows technology. Medical innovation, particularly, is very dependent on scientific research, which represents a source of information which in turn move the productive sector. The latter introduces a series of questions that motivate the researchers in their attempt to understand how to human body reacts to certain products and therapies. This article analyses the pattern of C&T interaction for both the national system of innovation (NSI) and the health innovation system. The panel data and simultaneous equations models analyze the interactions between C&T. The basic theory about the existence of a mutual sense of determination between them has been confirmed, which means that science moves technology and technology also influences scientific development. The estimated models, which use data from articles and patents as proxies of science and technology, represent just the tip of the iceberg related to a multifaceted and complex institutional arrangement, the NSI.
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