LIBERALIZAÇÃO COMERCIAL E DEMANDA POR TRABALHO QUALIFICADO NO BRASIL
Naércio Aquino Menezes-Filho
This paper aims to understand the dynamic of the relative demand for skilled labor in Brazilian industry, during the last decade. Thus, presenting evidences that relative demand for skill increased overall in the period, it seeks to explain this movement, at least in part. For this, we test the hypothesis of skill biased technological changes in an environment of economic opening. The results indicate that a greater share of imported intermediate goods in factories, signaled by the reduction in the tariffs charged on these goods, explains the shift in relative demand for skilled labor, throughout an increasing in the relative productivity between skilled and unskilled workers. This points out to the fact that the hypothesis of skill biased technological changes explains, at least in part, the shift in the relative demand for skilled labor.
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