VULNERABILIDADES URBANAS: UMA ALTERNATIVA DE MENSURAÇÃO
Vladimir Fernandes Maciel
Mônica Yukie Kuwahara
Roseli da Silva
The main purpose of the present article is to reflect on the relations between urban infrastructure, housing and environment through the analysis of intracity indicators georefered according to districts of the city of São Paulo. The selected variables to identify these aspects of the quality of life of the city will be expressed in two synthetic pointers: one treating the Housing Vulnerability (IVH) and another one occupying of the Vulnerability of Infrastructure and Environment (IVIMA). The data source used was the 2000 sample research of the Demographic indicates the different conditions of housing, access to the urban infrastructure and exposition the environmental risks for the districts. The hypothesis is that the process of Brazilian economic development between the 1930's and 1980's, caused intense migratory movement country-city and the supply increase of urban infrastructure and housing was not given in the same magnitude, resulting in precarious nestings and with environmental and social impacts. The result of the research allows to identify the different necessities of the city of São Paulo in terms of environmental quality, identifying the factors (habitation and urban infrastructure) that can minimize the regional inequalities of the city. This article is divided in three parts, besides the introduction and the conclusion.
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