Macroeconomic risk and the size of government- do globalisation andinstitutions matter?
We present an empirical model where output growth volatility and government expenditure are jointly endogenous and both are affected by policies and institutions. We ¯nd that output volatility increases government expenditure, but higher expenditure, causes greater out-put volatility. This suggests that discretionary government intervention is destabilising. Trade openness drives both higher expenditure and greater output volatility. Financial openness instead disciplines the size of government. Political institutions that strengthen policymaker's ac-countability towards the electorate result in lower expenditure and, in-directly, contribute to output stabilisation. Institutional arrangements concerning the central bank are not neutral: a more independent centralbank calls for lower output volatility.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.