Fosphenytoin: Pharmacoeconomic Implications of Therapy
Stephen M. Holliday
Greg L. Plosker
_ Fosphenytoin is a parenterally administered prodrug of phenytoin, used in the treatment of patients with seizures. _ Advantages of fosphenytoin over phenytoin include more rapid intravenous administration, no need for an intravenous filter, and a lower potential for local tissue and cardiac toxicity. Unlike phenytoin, fosphenytoin may also be administered by intramuscular injection. _ Pharmacoeconomic data from a small study of patients with acute seizures in a US emergency department showed an overall cost advantage of fosphenytoin over phenytoin, despite a considerably greater acquisition cost of fosphenytoin. The main cost drivers for phenytoin therapy were treatment costs associated with adverse events. _ In view of the limited pharmacoeconomic data currently available, it is in the interests of individual institutions to conduct their own formal pharmacoeconomic studies applying local cost data and patterns of clinical practise to determine whether fosphenytoin should replace phenytoin on their formulary list.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.