English, Article edition: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Risperidone and Clozapine in the Treatment of Schizophrenia in Israel Gary Ginsberg; Segev Shani; Boaz Lev

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Physical Description
  • article
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis of Risperidone and Clozapine in the Treatment of Schizophrenia in Israel
Author
  • Gary Ginsberg
  • Segev Shani
  • Boaz Lev
Physical Description
  • article
Notes
  • In this study, the benefits and costs of treating schizophrenia with either risperidone or clozapine were examined. The lifetime drug-treatment cost incurred by a patient with schizophrenia in Israel was $US7561 (1996 values) with an initial 6-month trial with risperidone, compared with $US6326 with clozapine and $US3360 with typical antipsychotics. Total lifetime costs of psychiatric health services (excluding medications) by individuals who were continuously receiving typical antipsychotics were $US181 555 per patient. Assuming a 6.3% decrease in hospital use with typical antipsychotics and an absolute 30% decrease with risperidone or clozapine, the use of clozapine or risperidone reduced hospitalisation costs by $US7159 per patient, but increased community-care costs by $US1627 per patient, giving health-service benefit : cost ratios of 1.87 : 1 and 1.32 : 1, respectively. After adding indirect benefits resulting from increased work productivity (minus indirect costs related to increases in transport costs because of visits for blood monitoring during clozapine therapy), the benefit : cost ratios increased to 2.04 : 1 and 1.48 : 1, respectively. Assuming that clozapine caused a 30% decrease in hospital use by patients with new-onset schizophrenia, risperidone would have to decrease hospital use by 43.2% (i.e. a 13.2% relative advantage) for its societal benefits to justify its increased costs.
  • Pharmacoeconomics, Schizophrenia, Clozapine, Risperidone, Cost-benefit, Antipsychotics
  • RePEc:wkh:phecon:v:13:y:1998:i:2:p:231-241
Language
  • English
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