How industry - labor relations and government policies affect Senegal's economic performance
Senegal is in a long-term economic crisis. Senegalese industry suffers from a highly adversarial system of industrial and labor relations, excessive government regulations in some areas and inadequate government support in others, and many misperceptions about the ethnically diverse labor force and enterprise ownership. Since the late 1970s, the Senegalese government has recognized the need to embark on a sustained and long-term adjustment program and has searched for appropriate policies to pursue this goal. The main aim of this paper is to provide an understanding of the functioning of the industrial labor market and evaluate the effects of the employment and wage setting practices on enterprise efficiency. In undertaking this task, the paper pays particular attention to: (a) government wage and employment regulations; (b) the role of trade unions and the organizational characteristics of firms; (c) the national and skill composition of the labor force and the corresponding labor productivity and wage differentials; (d) the existence of training schemes and skill bottlenecks; (e) the effects of education, experience, and training on worker earnings; and (f) the relationship between a worker's income and the migration of family members from the countryside.
Environmental Economics&Policies,Health Monitoring&Evaluation,Banks&Banking Reform,Labor Standards,Labor Management and Relations
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