Diagnóstico do processo migratório no Brasil 4: migração entre municípios
André Braz Golgher
This analysis is the last of four descriptive studies that discussed the migratory process in Brazil. The main objective of this series is to give data support for other complementary and analytically more sophisticated studies. The main objective of this particular study is to discuss the most numerous flows of migrants, as presented in the second and third texts of this series, but for municipalities. That includes the discussion about urban/urban, rural/urban, urban/rural and rural/rural flows. Some of the main results are briefly discussed below. Most of the municipalities that presented the largest flows of emigrants also had the biggest flows of immigrants. These municipalities were mainly state capitals with large populations and presented negative net migration. On the other hand, many municipalities showed a large positive number for net migration. Many of these were located in Metropolitan Regions or near them and absorbed immigrants from the metropolitan nucleus. Brazil had many extensive areas of population attraction in the North Region and MT, such as: the axis Manaus/Boa Vista; the area that is composed of Rio Branco, in AC, southwest of RO and south of AM; the north of MT; the southeast of PA; the east of PA; the state of AP; and the area around Palmas. In the Northeast Region, it can be noticed small areas of attraction: around many capitals; in the region near and including Porto Seguro in BA state; about Juazeiro/Petrolina; and others. In the Southeast Region, it can be seen an extensive area of attraction around capitals; in the interior of SP state; in the proximities of Uberlândia, etc. In the South region, three extensive regions shown a large positive net migration: one around Porto Alegre; another is the axis Curitiba/Florianópolis; and the north of PR. In the Center-West Region, it can be noticed areas around Brasília/Goiânia and about Campo Grande. Others regions in Brazil had a large negative number for net migration. These were: the west of AC and of AM; the west of PA; the northeast of PA; part of the interior of MA, of CE, of PB, of BA and of MG; the metropolitan nucleus of RMRJ and of RMSP; the west of the South Region; the west of MS; the south of TO; and the north of GO.
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