Diagnóstico do processo migratório no Brasil 3: tipos de migração
André Braz Golgher
This analysis is the third one of four descriptive studies that discussed the migratory process in Brazil. The main objective of this series is to give data support for other complementary and analytically more sophisticated studies. The main objective of this particular study is to discuss the most numerous flows of migrants, as presented in the second text of this series, for four distinct types of migration: urban-urban, rural-urban, urban-rural and rural-rural. Some of the main obtained results are briefly discussed below. The majority of migrants in Brazil were of the urban-urban type, followed by the rural-urban type, the urban-rural and, lastly, the rural-rural one. The urban-urban flows were the more numerous in all states, but for some of then the proportion was superior to the observed for other states. For instance, in the states of GO, MG, SP, RJ and DF more than 70% of the immigrants were of this type. The rural-urban flows were particularly important for the AP, AL and MA states, with more than 15% of total being of this type. For the urban-rural flows, it was observed that the south/east border of Amazonia had the highest proportions. Finally, MA and RO states had a rural-rural dynamics that was relatively more numerous than in others states. When the intrastate flows were compared to the interstate ones, it was noticed that among the 26 of the Brazilian states (DF was not included in this discussion) 17 had small proportions for the urban-urban type. This indicate that local short distance flows are qualitative different from the others. For the other types of migration, the results did not show a clear tendency and had many regional specificities, as was extensively discussed in the text.
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