Following the Industrial Revolution, organization and methods of production has dramatically changed and relations of production have become a central issue for the society. As a consequence of large scale production, labor requirement in industry has reached drastic levels and a new and congested working class has emerged. In accordance with this increasing need, male workers have left their position for their female counterparts who are in a short while followed by child workers. Despite its variability in abundance and conditions across countries and periods, child labor is still an overwhelming problem. This phenomenon obviously is underlain by economical factors and conditions. Consequently, its solution would inevitably involve economical precautions as well as legal regulations. When the measures taken since 1990’s have been reviewed, raising the compulsory period of education to 8 years in 1997 is found out to be a successful legal regulation. We have the view that a regional and sectoral approach to the child labour question which is still a serious problem in Turkey would be beneficial. The study, in this context, reviews the child labour question in Turkey through a historical point of view, analyses child employment on a regional basis and suggests policies for the solution of the problem.
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