Patterns of innovation in the EU-25 regions: a typology and policy recommendations
Juan José Gibaja
This paper depicts a typology of regions, capturing the diversity of regional innovation systems across theEU-25. Following the Regional Innovation Systems (RIS) literature, our research selects 21 variablesrelated to the ability of a region to generate and absorb knowledge, and its capacity to transform R&D intoinnovation and economic growth. Based on the results of principal components and cluster analyses, weidentify seven types of regional innovation system where the 186 regions group together according to theirsectoral specialization, technological and economic capacity, and performance. By allowing us to identifysimilar and more advanced regions, the paper facilitates comparisons and benchmarking betweenhomogeneous regions, thus enabling more accurate policy learning. For each group a number of policyrecommendations are suggested, contingent to their local-specific characteristics. In short the contributionof this paper is twofold. In the first place it provides the first RIS typology for the EU-25 regions completedusing a large number of variables. Secondly, the conclusions obtained from the analysis may be used tolead policymakers’ actions in the field of regional innovation policy in the EU
Innovation, Regional Innovation Systems, European Union, Typology, Principal Components Analysis, Cluster Analysis
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