English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Mutual Knowledge of Rationality in the Electronic Mail Game Koji Takamiya; Akira Tanaka

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/106825
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Mutual Knowledge of Rationality in the Electronic Mail Game
Author
  • Koji Takamiya
  • Akira Tanaka
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • This paper reexamines the paradoxical aspect of the electronic mail game (Rubinstein, 1989). The electronic mail game is a coordination game with payoff uncertainty. At a Bayesian Nash equilibrium of the game, players cannot achieve the desired coordination of actions even when a high order of mutual knowledge of payoff functions obtains. We want to make explicit the role of knowledge about rationality of players, not only that of payoff functions. For this purpose, we use an extended version of the belief system model developed by Aumann and Brandenburger (1995). We propose a certain way of embedding the electronic mail game in an belief system. And we show that for rational players to coordinate their actions, for any embedding belief systems, it is necessary that the upper bound order of mutual knowledge of payoff functions exceeds the upper bound order of mutual knowledge of rationality. This result implies that under common knowledge of rationality, the coordination never occurs, which is similar to Rubinstein's result. We point out, however, that there exists a class embedding belief systems for which the above condition is also sufficient for the desired coordination.
  • RePEc:dpr:wpaper:0650
Language
  • English
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