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This list relates to Buckridge's article on "The Weekly", and its 1940s efforts to promote good reading after the Second World War. Buckridge maintains that this had a civilising effect, but also the result that rebellious teenagers were encouraged towards good reading so they would adopt conservative social attitudes in terms of marriage, sex, drugs, the arts, and Australian culture generally. There was a democratic nationalist agenda at work in the "Weekly' at this stage.
This list will give newspaper examples from the 1950s, the era of university involvement in "trained reading", as opposed to "free reading". A.D. Hope was active in this area, on the radio and elsewhere, and the first University-level course in Australian literature was started by him and others. This would have had an effect on Woolf's Australian reception, because Australian readers were being developed into more discriminating participants. Admittedly Woolf was not an Australian writer, and as such she was not the direct focus of the University efforts, but the general raising of reading standards would have had an effect on her reception. Not only Australian writers' works were discussed on the radio by Hope, Dark, and others. Woolf's work became the subject of such broadcasts, too.
This list is for articles highlighting issues specifically related to the opposition to Fascism. This opposition is closely identified with The Communist Party of Australia, and this party won support during the 1940s for its standing up to European Fascism.
The list contains newspaper material revealing the 1930s Australian female writers' idea, that there did not have to be an exclusively Australian canon of writers and books. M. Barnard Eldershaw, in "Plaque with Laurel", advanced the idea that there be an internationalised canon of literary works.
The list will include Australian sources which greet Woolf's work with Australian critical approval, with reviewers' reading recommendations, or Book-of-the-Month choices.
My list describes the 1930s Nettie Palmer idea that the writer and the reader of a novel shared an intimate relationship, a meeting of minds. Her spouse, the influential critic and author Vance Palmer, encouraged radical nationalist fiction, but had less to say about the intimate reader-writer relationship. Usually he wrote in traditional realist fashion.
This list relates to the attitudes of a particular attitude to good reading prevalent among a certain group of 1930s "Women's Weekly" readers. This concept is about seeing books as part of an activity with which middle class or aspirational working class people should be engaged.
This list differentiates between Zola-esque realist fiction and radical new fiction which seeks an internal, psychological reality, rather than the "Forsyte Saga" sort of story. The list also negatively discusses Henry James's aesthetics, for James says the artist only needs a "germ" from life, so he can then create artistically. Woolf and others write about life itself, and attempt to reveal patterns within it. A passage from Woolf's essay "Modern Fiction" argues convincingly that the way she wishes to write about life, is the better way than the materialist or realist ways.
My list centres around the discussion caRRIED FORWARD BY the "Australian Women's Weekly" during the 1930s. It was a discussion about idle reading, reading for beauty, reading to escape, and many other types of reading.
This list is aimed at "Weekly" readers who want to know about different types of reading, about why particular people read or write books, and about how and why people should encourage their children to read. This list will foreground newspaper articles which show Woolf's work has a potential or actual quality which aligns with certain cultural manifestations within Australia, as shown forth by "The Weekly" columns aND LETTERS.
List should contain articles relating to the Ern Malley Hoax, and to other popular Australian aesthetic, "untraditional", and moral objections to modernism.
The list would contain elements such as D. H. Lawrence's Australian visit, and his writing books about the Australian scene. These may have had a positive effect on the reception of modernism in Australia.
This list will include pieces explaining what good writing should attempt, whilst differentiating between inwardly-focussed romantics, such as Joyce, and "life-focussed" objectivists such as Thomas Mann. The list need not deal with the older-style materialistic or "realist" novelists such as Bennett.
The list reminds us that Woolf wrote both actual and fictional biographies, whilst Dark and M.Barnard Eldershaw wrote historical novels and fictional biographies such as "Phillip of Australia" (1938).
This list consists of pieces which show that already, during the 1930s, many commentators were dissatisfied with fiction which was not probing deeply enough into human motivations and consciousness. Certain people realised that realist or naturalistic fiction had to be superceded by novels which took account of human psychological or psychoanalytic processes. Many thought this would lead to better literature, and good reading, such as "The Weekly" promoted during the 1940s.
This list relates to one of the two polarised groups of 1930s "Australian Women's Weekly" readers, namely the less culturally sophisticated people who encounter books at an external level, as opposed to a full internal engagement with a book, e.g. reading it, thinking about the ideas contained in it, having one's behaviour influenced by it.
This list will include the reasons women wrote during the inter-war period, when the Australian, if not the British, literary scene was inhabited by many women. The list is also about how the women went about writing and reading, with practices such as writing letters to the media, reading in bed, or discussing favourite authors.
This list concerns the ways in which women find the time, inspiration, motivation, and independence to write, or to create art in various other media. The list relates to the "Australian Women's Weekly's" 1930s public domain discussion concerning how women read books, write books, and monitor their children's reading.
This list contains articles such as the one in "SMH" 2.2.1952, called "Stream of Consciousness". Kepert gives the history of the technique.
Other articles could be about neologisms, conflation, or dream sequences.
My list will include Australian and European women writers' ideas, as interpreted by newspaper reviewers, and Woolf particularly will be a figure in focus. The list is there so that I can see what Woolf and others are saying about the experiences in women's lives, their dilemmas, successes, and progress.
The list nominates the issues, subjects, processes, rationales, debates, and problems underlying the phenomenon of Modernism. It deals with modernity, and how its aspects are taken into modernist culture, to be changed into modernist art, literature, design, music, and other such artefacts.
The first of these articles was sighted in "The Queenslander", 27.3.1930. It explains Henry James's aesthetic approach to writing fiction, which emphasises the artist's role in a distillation of experience, so as to create art from life. The materialistic or realist school receives mention, but then Woolf's modernist capturing of life's intrinsic patterns is explained.
This list is there to create a category for articles which take advantage of Woolf's fame, reputation, or kudos, for purposes which have nothing to do with what Woolf herself was trying to create and achieve with her work. In this case, furniture is being sold, by means of reference to Woolf's anti-patriarchal essay, "A Room of One's Own".
This list is important for my purpose of examining the reception of Woolf's work in Australia. To do this I shall have to be able to give examples of her books' winning domestic and non-British awards, such as USA Book of the Month nominations. Statistics on overseas sales are not always freely available to the everyday reader, so this list gives important information about Woolf's earnings and reputation outside Britain.
My list is based around Nettie Palmer's idea of "relative value", which is connected with P. Buckridge's "greatness", and the concept of canonicity. It is defined as "the usefulness of a literary work in interpreting a given environment to the people in it, and to its observers. Buckridge argues that "greatness" was a useful conceptual instrument for with a state of canonical anxiety, a state in which Australia found itself, during the inter-war period.
This list is aimed at providing material for a thesis chapter on certain Australian writers' and Woolfs' adoption of methodologies connected with time, history, and biography. This can lead me to an attempt at an alignment between Woolf's 1930s and early 1940s works, and the 1940s literary creations of Dark and M. Barnard Eldershaw.
This list will highlight the changing ideas concerning what a 1920s or 1930s novelist should include, if he wishes to convey human everyday reality to his/her readers. It is from the 27.3.1930 edition of (?). It draws attention to Henry James's notion that the writer should not accept life as it presents itself, but should take it and convert it into an aesthetic artefact. Others take a traditional view of reality, attempting to impose a pattern upon it. But the modernist novelists look for the "halo" of everyday events, thoughts, and ideas, attempting to discern the patterns already there.
This "Mercury", 9.1.1931 article deals with the latest one or two of a new, uniform edition of the works of Woolf.It mentions how attractive looking they are, in green morris binding. It also talks about the reasonable price of this series. It mentions sliding the latest of the series in among the others, already bought. It is quite acquisitive in tone, but does mention some of her literary characteristics, too.
This "Argus", 8.5.1937 piece is a review of Woolf's 1937 family-based novel "The Years". It is not praising Woolf's modernist techniques, although the reviewer explains how stream of consciousness, cross sections of consciousnesses, and the author's episodic style all build a complicated, very un-Victorian narrative. The critic points out this is not a surrealist work, because the characters and episodes are not unrelated. The reviewer deplores the novel's "monotonous serenity", its string of episodes.
This article would have been interesting for the "progressive" group of "Weekly" readers, because it discusses aspects of the feminist debate, whilst referring to Woolf''s "A Room of One's Own", which by 1934 was known world-wide. Its main point is that women's most significant role should be that of raising boys to be decent men, and that they should use their home influence to that end. It's in 'the Argus" for 6.1.1934.
This list might include information on British publishing and its agreements with the Australian industry.
My list will relate to the situation and reactions of women Australian writers during the 1930s and 1940s. I mean authors such as Dark and M. Barnard Eldershaw. Their attitudes and methods had to change during the decades between the late 1920s and 1940s. They changed over from a liberal, individualist position, to a more political stance.
This list addresses the significant inter-war Australian issue of censorship, a matter with the potential to affect Woolf's reception in Australia, particularly when it is remembered that other modernist novels such as "Lady Chatterley's Lover", and "Ulysses" had been banned by the Australian government during the inter-war period. Woolf was not afraid to address issues of sexuality or intimate human relationships.
My list concerns the significant question for my thesis, that of how Australian readers can obtain guidance in the matter of the canonicity or greatness of Australian writers such as Dark, M. Barnard Eldershaw, or Katharine Susannah Prichard.
My list is aimed at the 1940s Australian, and "Australian Women's Weekly", idea of the writer-as-hero, out to remedy bad aspects of society. It is mainly focussed on what writers achieve with their novels, but also includes Woolf's essay works. Many Australian 1940s writers such as Dark would be categorised under this group heading.
List uses "The Weekly" as a cultural indicator, whereby columns, articles, pictures, and letters to the editor can give the researcher a valid conceptualisation of Australian society during the inter-war period. This knowledge of Australian culture can then be utilised to make certain alignments with the books of Virginia Woolf. "The Weekly", 11.12.1963.
This is a list of pieces about new scientific, technological, cultural, or artistic ideas which the "Australian Women's Weekly" of the 1940s and 1950s attempted to "defeat" with its campaign of "good reading". The "Weekly" saw a need to meet phenomena such as artistic surrealism by returning to reading good books, such as the traditional and modern classics.
The list title is taken from a P. Buckridge article which posits that novels are not simply "life" set realistically down on paper. Novels, for literary historian Buckridge, are particular vehicles for the real, intellectual and imaginative work going on at that time and place. For example, an Australian 1934 Eleanor Dark novel about eugenics might make the reader aware that there was an ongoing Australian debate during the early 1930s, concerning the liquidation of humans who exhibited features departing from the norm. This idea gained an even greater currency during the early 1940s, being perhaps linked to the idea of the writer-as-hero, exposing public wrongs, fighting corruption wherever it was to be found.
It is a list of articles about Woolf which show her engaging with social, political, cultural, and economic issues, both in her novels and in her essays.
This list contains articles which bring out the point that Woolf's work actually asks the reader to mentally engage with her text, her characters, her language, and their internal monologues, at times. To purchase a Woolf book because it has a handsome green and gold embossed cover is to miss the point of her writing.
Many newspaper reviews of the 1920s and 1930s complain that Woolf's work, or that of certain other modernist writers, is too "difficult". This list is created to remind researchers that Woolf's work is not unreadable.
My list would include examples of articles discussing the fact that certain women authors were interested in disregarding the hierarchical literary canon, and were bent on adopting instead a sharing literary community, having complementary strengths and weaknesses. The idea was connected with a "stronger feminism".
This list is included to foreground the fact that Woolf, though known for her polished language, interest in multiple cross-sections of consciousness, and experiments with soliloquies as narrative, also wrote about everyday life. This 25 line extract from "The Waves" (?), published by "The Queenslander", supports what the 1930s "Australian Women's Weekly" was attempting to do: promote good reading. The extract is good reading, and it is about the daily events of men's and women's lives, which was what many 1930s letter writing "Weekly" readers, the socially conservative ones, wished to read about.
This list is simply to show that by the 1930s, in British and Australian newspapers or other media, Woolf's words were often being quoted by all sorts of people, for the furtherance of all sorts of agendas. The quotations were often taken from her essays such as "A Room of One's Own", or "Three Guineas". This phenomenon was not confined to Britain, as scrutiny of Australian newspaper files reveals.
This list or categorisation creates a space underlining the idea that she often wrote about daily life events: parties, family meals, shopping, reading in bed, lunching at a cafe, private conversations. This is the type of activity that preoccupied 1930s "Weekly" letter writers, so some of those 1930s readers would have found something for themselves in Woolf's work. But this list also emphasises the fact that Woolf took 1930s "everyday activities" propensities in the direction of internal consciousness and serious 1940s "good reading".
The list consists of 1940s columns which explain the good features of "good reading" to newspaper readers. My overall argument is that the reception of Virginia Woolf's work, once published in Australia, contributed in no small way to the positive Australian reception of modernist good reading, such as Dark's "The Little Company", White's "Happy Valley", or Franklin and Cusack's "Pioneers on Parade".
Describes non-literary elements involved in Woolf's reception.
This list is designed to align with what the 1930s "Australian Women's Weekly" attempted to do: to publish book reviews , but making sure these contained ideas of interest to women. This was part of the "Weekly's" wish to foster good reading. If the "Weekly" could give its readers book reviews containing views and information of interest to women, then its good reading campaign would stand a better chance of success.
This list is included to show that Woolf, during the 1930s and 1940s, did utilise biography and historical fiction in order to more effectively engage with political, social, or economic issues more effectively. I include this list so as to show 1940s alignments between Woolf's work and the novels of Australian modernists, Dark and M. Barnard Eldershaw, who also attempted to write about the critical world events by means of biographies and historical fiction.
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