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|AUSTRALIANS AMONG FIRST LIBERATED (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 1 September 1945 page Article||2015-11-25 16:12||the "New York Times,"who is aboard
||the "New York Times," who is aboard
|CHINESE CLAIM TO HONG KONG (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 1 September 1945 page Article||2015-11-25 16:10||The Chinese on Wednesday reocccupied Chenghsien, at the junction of the Peiping, Hankow, and Lunghai railways, one of the most important Japanese bases. Other Chinese entered the suburbs of Ichang. A mission has left S.E.A.C. head-
||The Chinese on Wednesday reocccupied Chenghsien, at the junction of the Peiping, Hankow, and Lunghai railways, one of the most important Japanese bases. Other Chinese entered the suburbs of Ichang. A mission has left S.E.A.C. head- ||
|CHINESE CLAIM TO HONG KONG (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 1 September 1945 page Article||2015-11-25 16:10||—The influential Chungking,
||—The influential Chungking
|Allied Troops Seethe With Anger (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 1 September 1945 page Article||2015-11-25 16:08||Wifh Anger
YOKOSUKA, Aug. 31. - The
Japanese for their failure "properly to
several case[s) to permit burial of
prisoners for disgustingly long periods
NEW YORK, Aug 31 (A.A.P.). -
YOKOSUKA, Aug. 31.—The
Japanese for their failure properly to
several case to permit burial of pri-
soners for disgustingly long periods
NEW YORK, Aug 31 (A.A.P.).—
|AUSTRALIANS AMONG FIRST LIBERATED (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 1 September 1945 page Article||2015-11-25 16:04||Chungking by Lieutenant-Generat A.
'tiffi Yofg, Äup- sr-(Ä.ÄJ*0.*.
?->-M^y^ i^tîAy.^usé'. .released tvom
JÍ$é$ésér¿oprjsori camp»; - .were
be&J^;,5?ltH.vbasfiball batsf rifle
butts, bamboo rods, and- belts,
and"kick"ed in' "the stomach and
ribs when they fell7rsome-r.aa
resulted. ; - *?.**?'.""
This is reported' by Julios Adler, oí
j the "New York Times','* "who ls aboard
j a hospital solo In Tolco- Bar''
j Many prisoner's lost SOIb In weight
i A. B2» pilot" wa* kept in'solititry
confinement .for six months In. order
! to iain4 uMôttn»tiôb; .. - :
One flier's fingers v wera Clasped
tightly together, ä pehell - ¿laced be-
tween, and then twisted tul "the flesh
wore away to the-bone.
A naval*pilot told of two prisoners
dying, from starvation. Nearly, all
the 'Red ; Cross packages were stolen
by. the Japanese,1 uwhiding vital vita-
min-'pills that might have saved the
lives; of many prisoner»; < .
|Chungking by Lieutenant-General A.
NEW YORK, Aug. 31 (A.A.P.).
—Many men just released from
Japanese prison camps were
beaten with baseball bats, rifle
butts, bamboo rods, and belts,
and kicked in the stomach and
ribs when they fell—some as
This is reported by Julius Adler, of
the "New York Times,"who is aboard
a hospital ship in Tokyo Bay.
Many prisoners lost 50lb in weight
A B29 pilot was kept in solitary
confinement for six months in order
to gain information.
One flier's fingers were clasped
tightly together, a pencil placed be-
tween, and then twisted till the flesh
wore away to the bone.
A naval pilot told of two prisoners
dying from starvation. Nearly all
the Red Cross packages were stolen
by the Japanese, including vital vita-
min pills that might have saved the
lives; of many prisoners.
|AUSTRALIANS AMONG FIRST LIBERATED (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 1 September 1945 page Article||2015-11-25 15:52||The commandant waa surprised
||The commandant was surprised
|2015-11-25 15:52||Döctor Praised
Our. Staff Correspondent in
Chungking, H. Mishaeh, reports
that an American soldier' re-
(Manchuria) 'pays a tribute to
The Australian', Captain D. j. Bren-
nan, of Sydney, says . the -soldier,
patients, and. was responsible for many
men surviving the- cold 'Manchurian
along . with all '.other, Australian
prisoners In th« China areal would
soon' be .homeward-bound via Manila.
.' Á*special communique 'Issued ia
Chungking by Lieutenant^Qenerat A,
C. Wedémeyer, Commander-In'-rOnlef.
United States forces- in China. ;aa!d
fchat 40 . Australians. were In Ubon
camp, Slam: The'health of-the-camp
Our Staff Correspondent in
Chungking, H. Mishael, reports
that an American soldier re-
(Manchuria) pays a tribute to
The Australian, Captain D. J. Bren-
nan, of Sydney, says the soldier,
patients, and was responsible for many
men surviving the cold Manchurian
along with all other Australian
prisoners in the China area would
soon be homeward-bound via Manila.
A special communique issued in
Chungking by Lieutenant-Generat A.
C. Wedemeyer, Commander-in-Chief
United States forces in China, said
that 40 Australians were in Ubon
camp, Siam. The health of the camp
|2015-11-25 15:49||P.O.W.S In Raid
||P.O.W.s In Raid
|2015-11-25 15:40||Harold Blassen, made immediate ar-
||Harold Stassen, made immediate ar-
|2015-11-25 15:34||YOKOSUKA, Aug. 31.-The
ing in Japan, was refused
highest building in their camp: "come
and get us-Aussies."
Ancon, the command ship, this morn
ing. Commander Stassen emphasised
was, "Make free men,", and that
Shinagawa. Commander stassen said
lt was of indescribable filth, and thc
word "hospital" should never be u*ed
In connection-'with'it Rather, be
said, , lt should be called a "hell."
Commander Stassen told also' ol: an
Inquisition centre where newly-cap-
tured fliers- and- crews of submarines
japanese to extract information.
Many men-died as the result of the
Commander Stassen said the libe- :
rated prisoners displayed indescribable I
Joy, but tfteir condition filled him with 1
.determination to-se* chat what, these
trien had' sufféred for was not. In'vain.'
He ádded that na prison personnel
had been arrested. ' yfn v.criminals
were not his 'province, but à matter
Jack Percival, "Sydney. Moni-
ta Herald" war correspondent
Arthur, reports:- -
To-day ;i .managed, to .pay an In-
formal call on an Allied prisoner ot
wai camp halfway between Atsugl and
Tokyo. The. camp la close to, a steel
mill producing armaments and . ls
therefore, contrary to International
law. Ita Inmates Included British and
Australian«. - .
/A-'number-oí.'orlsoners were killed
abd Injured ..during* a. recent .raid.
They had been forced to work In.toe
steel mill, -.which" was again .contrary
to International law, and were caught
without shelter when the', bombers
The ' commandant waa surprised
busy, but 'oe'.wouldellice mé to-.stay.
for -lunch." ' I sent back a message
that 1-waa'-busy, too. Tea-minutes
lafer .-he appeared In his. underpants,
was surly, .ts-ccused- himself.-- and ; ap-
peared .ls. another 16 minutes. In full
;*nlform.-complete with Samurai-sword
¿ Be took-TOe: among the prisoners
?nd I talked to,some oí,them,'includ-
ing, australians whose¿ names Censor^
ihlp'wIU WfHaw±0t;t* mentions
K-The prisoners..were, bitter In their
marges of huín'-treatment and sláre
labour:-' - '*.-? "? ?' ''?? ? '?? ?"-?>.'- ;% '?
:-By . thia- Omi the* commandant"mu
(bOidyb^semtl 'other; óVurT, y**t
Philippine«. Later la the day they
were taken to. an unrevealed destina-,
|YOKOSUKA, Aug. 31.—The
ing in Japan was refused
highest building in their camp: "Come
and get us—Aussies."
Ancon, the command ship, this morn-
ing, Commander Stassen emphasised
was, "Make free men," and that
Shinagawa, Commander Stassen said
it was of indescribable filth, and the
word "hospital" should never be used
in connection with it. Rather, he
said, it should be called a "hell."
Commander Stassen told also of an
inquisition centre where newly-cap-
tured fliers and crews of submarines
Japanese to extract information.
Many men died as the result of the
Commander Stassen said the libe-
rated prisoners displayed indescribable
joy, but their condition filled him with
determination to see that what these
men had suffered for was not in vain.
He added that no prison personnel
had been arrested. War criminals
were not his province, but a matter
Jack Percival, "Sydney Morn-
ing Herald" war correspondent
To-day I managed to pay an in-
formal call on an Allied prisoner of
wai camp halfway between Atsugi and
Tokyo. The camp is close to a steel
mill producing armaments and is
therefore contrary to international
law. Its inmates included British and
A number of prisoners were killed
and injured during a recent raid.
They had been forced to work in the
steel mill, which was again contrary
to international law, and were caught
without shelter when the bombers
The commandant waa surprised
busy, but he would like me to stay
for lunch. I sent back a message
that I was busy, too. Ten minutes
later he appeared in his underpants,
was surly, excused himself, and ap-
peared in another 15 minutes in full
uniform, complete with Samurai sword
He took me among the prisoners
and I talked to some of them, includ-
ing Australians whose names Censor-
ship will not allow me to mention.
The prisoners were bitter in their
charges of harsh treatment and slave
By this time the commandant was
joined by several other officers, wearing pistols and swords. When I requested permission to see the prisoners' quarters I was refused. Most of the men appeared in better physical shape than prisoners in the
Philippines. Later in the day they
were taken to an unrevealed destina-
Read the merging and splitting guidelines.
"Do you want a trip to China?" said my friend M—— to me one Friday afternoon in George-street, Sydney. "The Woodbine sails on Tuesday morning, and I am going in her. Will you come?"
So begins a body of work that stands among the most vivid and insightful writing about travel in the Asia-Pacific region during the last two decades of the 19th century, and certainly by any Australia-based writer of the period.
This list is the full sequence of 38 travel feature articles written for the Melbourne daily newspaper, The Argus, and its associated weekly, The Australasian, by Julian Thomas, known as "The Vagabond", about his sea journey of almost eight months in March-November 1881 around the Pacific rim from Sydney to Shanghai, Nagasaki, Yokohama, Victoria BC and the area of modern-day Vancouver BC, San Francisco, Honolulu, Auckland and back to Sydney. The series was compiled, edited and published in book form as 'Occident and Orient : sketches on both sides of the Pacific', (George Robertson, Melbourne, 1882).
With the exception of one issue (27 May 1882) missing pages in the Trove collection, the list is the complete series as it was first published in The Argus. The missing Argus page in the list has been made up with the corresponding article published in The Australasian (3 June 1882).
The author of this remarkable series of articles was an Englishman who sometimes claimed to be an American, or more specifically a Virginian. He called himself Julian Thomas, although that was not his real name. Under his sobriquet, “The Vagabond”, he became famous as a popular exponent of descriptive writing and investigative journalism for Australian newspapers from 1876 until his death in Melbourne in 1896. Yet, despite public acclaim and professional success, in 1894 he was bankrupt.
Julian Thomas was christened John Stanley James. He was born in 1843 in Walsall, Staffordshire. He seems now almost to have popped up in Australia from nowhere. At times through his years in Australia he claimed variously to have had medical training; to have graduated from the University of Virginia; to have fought for the Confederacy in the US Civil War; and to have been present, and imprisoned as a spy, during the Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune of 1871—none of which claims can yet be verified. Some of his claims—such as his occasional assertions he was Buddhist, Jewish, Gipsy, or abducted as an infant by Flathead Indians—were couched in irony, but in general he cultivated an air of mystery about his past as part of his "Vagabond" public persona. Indeed, everything about his past between the late 1860s (when by his account he was a journalist in London) and his 1875 arrival in Sydney remains mysterious—even the exact date, place and means of his arrival in Australia. He did not marry—at least not in Australia—and died alone, without children or close family, although he had many friends, including many in commerce, industry, government and public life. His particular enemies were missionaries, who he mocked in his writing and lectures, and sued for libel on at least one occasion. References to Freemasonry, and to hospitality received from prominent Masons, are scattered through his writing, in context suggesting he himself was a Mason. Clues to other aspects of his secretiveness are contained in two articles in this series (nos. 35 & 36, “San Francisco Revisited No. V”, and “At Honolulu”), which strongly hint he was homosexual—a condition which, if flaunted, in the late 19th century could lead to scandal and imprisonment, as Julian Thomas's younger contemporary, Oscar Wilde, was soon to demonstrate.
Sydney James, secretary of the jockey club of Dunedin, New Zealand, identified himself publicly (in a speech to a Masonic Lodge function reported by the press) as Julian Thomas’s brother after his death, stating in part that “it was thought best at the time not to disclose his identity, but there was no reason why he should not be known by his real name, Stanley James.” His wide circle of friends and the public affection he achieved through his writing and lectures were demonstrated by his well-attended funeral, admiring obituaries, a grave monument erected by public subscription in Melbourne General Cemetery, and newspaper memorial notices.
—1887 'LIBEL ACTION AGAINST THE "WESLEYAN SPECTATOR.".', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 20 September, p. 5, viewed 25 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7931902
—1894 'NEW INSOLVENTS.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 20 December, p. 5, viewed 25 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8726424
—1896 'DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN JOURNALIST.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 5 September, p. 4, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9183574
—1896 '"THE VAGABOND.".', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926), 5 September, p. 4, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article150128246
—1896 'AN ADVENTUROUS JOURNALIST.', The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), 7 September, p. 3, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9381144
—1897 '"THE VAGABOND'S" TRUE NAME.', The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), 1 May, p. 36, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139741091
—1897 'Family Notices.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 4 September, p. 1, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9769879
—John Barnes, 'James, John Stanley (1843–1896)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/james-john-stanley-3848/text6113, published first in hardcopy 1972, accessed online 21 August 2015
— Brown, J 1860, [John Stanley James, alias] Julian Thomas [pen name "The Vagabond"], [ca. 1860-ca. 1900] http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/278471
— Stewart & Co 1876, [John Stanley James, alias] Julian Thomas [pen name "The Vagabond"], [ca. 1876] http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/172507
Articles by Julian Thomas "The Vagabond" for The Argus about his travel in Canada during 1886. These are not as ground-breaking as his 38 articles on his round-Pacific "Orient to Occident" trip of 1881, but they still offer remarkable insight on the places and times. Canadians particularly may be surprised by glimpses of some locally famous people of politics, commerce and literature, and of disappeared establishments like the Windsor Hotel of Montreal, the St Louis Hotel of Quebec, and the Queen's Hotel in Winnipeg.
The dates and circumstances reveal the pseudonymous author of these articles, using the pen-name "An Australian Colonist", as John Henry Brooke 1826-1902.
Brooke, an English-born journalist who became a prominent colonial Victorian politician and a leading player in bitter political battles of the 1860s over land tenure, moved to Yokohama, Japan, in 1867 after suffering reverses in his political fortunes. His biggest problem was that he had made too many powerful enemies in the turbulent colonial political scene. On 26 February 1867 Brooke left Melbourne for eastern ports in the P&O mail steamer, Bombay, saying he intended "to take stock of the Japanese" and hinting that he might return in a few months. He stayed in Japan, where he became proprietor and editor of an English-language local newspaper, the Japan Daily Herald, and resided for the rest of his life. He died at Yokohama on 8 January 1902 and was buried in the foreigners' cemetery there.
These articles, which Brooke dispatched for publication in The Argus and its associated weekly publication, The Australasian, in 1867, under the pen-name "An Australian Colonist", describe Japan in the pivotal last year of the Tokugawa shogunate, on the brink of the Meiji era which introduced sweeping modernisation, reform, industrialisation, global engagement—and militarist ambitions for imperial expansion.
—1867 'MELBOURNE...The intended departure of Mr J. H. Brooke for the China Seas...', Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), 25 February, p. 2, viewed 8 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87950316
—1867 'Yesterday a number of gentlemen met at Scott's Hotel, for the purpose of taking leave of the Hon. J. H. Brooke...', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 27 February, p. 5, viewed 8 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5787152
—1867 'TOWN NEWS... Mrs. Brooke intends shortly to join her husband in Japan...', The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), 14 December, p. 18, viewed 13 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article137569386
—1902 'AN OLD GEELONG IDENTITY. Mr J. H. Brooke, who formerly took a prominent part in Victorian politics, and was for a period a member of the Cabinet, but more recently the founder, proprietor and editor of the "Japan Daily Herald," died on 8th January last...', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926), 22 February 1902, p. 6, viewed 13 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article149753369
—Michael Migus, 'Brooke, John Henry (1826–1902)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/brooke-john-henry-3065/text4521, published first in hardcopy 1969, accessed online 7 September 2015.
—Jim Tipton (founder), “Find A Grave,” http://www.findagrave.com/, 1995-. (Monument transcription of grave of John Henry Brooke 1826-1902 in Yokohama Foreign General Cemetery, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=79274895 viewed 7 September 2015.)
Information on Trove's new list feature can be found here.