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|CHINA INVADED. (Reuter's Telegram) LONDON, August 7, 9.50 p.m. (Article), Daily Herald (Adelaide, SA : 1910 - 1924), Friday 9 August 1918 page Article||2013-12-04 22:24||BY SMALL TEOTON FORCE.
. Messages from Harbin state that an
formed at Omsk, which .has isolated
consequently, is strengthening its jposi
General' Horvath is in Eastern Siberia
SemenoS, who is threatened with com
plete separation from the Czechoslovaks
by the Amstro-Germans, who 2re invad
ing China. The AustTO-Gerrhans numVr
12,000, and the Bolsheviks betwe«5i Ni-I
kolsk and Eharbarovfk number 6000. ?
Both forces are strengthening- their posi
LOXDOJC, August 7. 3.50 p.m.
|BY SMALL TEUTON FORCE.
Messages from Harbin state that an-
formed at Omsk, which has isolated
consequently, is strengthening its posi-
General Horvath is in Eastern Siberia
Semenoff, who is threatened with com-
plete separation from the Czecho-Slovaks
by the Austro-Germans, who are invad-
ing China. The Austro-Germans number
12,000, and the Bolsheviks between Ni-
kolsk and Kharbarovsk number 6000.
Both forces are strengthening their posi-
LONDON, August 7, 9.50 p.m.
|VAST TREASURE. Royal Tombs Looted. DISCOVERY AT TIENTSIN. SHANGHAI, Aug. l8. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Monday 20 August 1928 page Article||2013-12-02 18:53||I VAST TREASURE. I
I SHANGHAI, Aug. l8.
Further evidence of the desecration or tnei
l'okln was revealed by the discovery of 36
boxos of Jewels and precious stones to-day
aboard a foreign steamer at Tientsin roady for
shipment nbroad. The Jewels wore valuod at
ruinions of dollars.
from the Mnnchu mausoleum.
The display of sundry Royal treasures In
Pokln's curio shops recently led to the dis-
strict watch was kept, loading to to-day's
believed to have beon lost. Nationalist sol-
SHANGHAI, Aug. 18.
Further evidence of the desecration of the
Pekin was revealed by the discovery of 36
boxes of jewels and precious stones to-day
aboard a foreign steamer at Tientsin ready for
shipment abroad. The jewels were valued at
millions of dollars.
from the Manchu mausoleum.
The display of sundry Royal treasures in
Pekin's curio shops recently led to the dis-
strict watch was kept, leading to to-day's
believed to have been lost. Nationalist sol-
|OPIUM TRAFFIC. EXTENSIVE SMUGGLING. (British Official Wireless.) LONDON, Aug. 17. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Monday 20 August 1928 page Article||2013-12-02 18:49||OPIUM TRAFFIC. I
tho agenda for the forthcoming Council meet-
ing of the League of Niitlous a proposal for
the appointment of a,League commission to
Inquire Into-the present position regarding
tho use of opium, and the present Ineffectual
efforts bolng made to prevent smuggling of
opium In the Far East.
The ground for the propouul Is that all
efforts that have so far been mude as a result
of-the decisions of the International Opium
Convention of 11112, and of the opium confer-
ences of 1924 and 1925, hove been largely ren
dori 1 of no nvnll owing to tho enormous
growth of the opium poppy In China has lod
to greut smuggling activity, and it Is the
denire of the British Government that League
experts should mttlu an Inquiry oh tho spot,
to seo what further measures can be tnkon
LONDON. Aug. 17.
the agenda for the forthcoming Council meet-
ing of the League of Nations a proposal for
the appointment of a League commission to
inquire into the present position regarding
the use of opium, and the present ineffectual
efforts being made to prevent smuggling of
opium in the Far East.
The ground for the proposal is that all
efforts that have so far been made as a result
of the decisions of the International Opium
Convention of 1912, and of the opium confer-
ences of 1924 and 1925, have been largely ren-
dered of no avail owing to the enormous
growth of the opium poppy in China has led
to great smuggling activity, and it is the
desire of the British Government that League
experts should make an inquiry on the spot,
to see what further measures can be taken
LONDON, Aug. 17.
|OLD ANIMALS. Strange Discoveries. IN MONGOLIA. SHANGHAI, Aug. l8. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Monday 20 August 1928 page Article||2013-12-02 18:46||Wonderful discoveries aro roported hy Mr.
to Pekin on August IS, nfter several months'
sandstorm» and heat, was provented from
teaching the Intended destination, but secured
eral eggs were secured, HIBO two skulls of the
biggest animal believed ever to havo lived.
It Is estimated that the head was 25 feet frohi
the ground) and that the creature weighed 20
tons. The head and 4001b of bones of an
elephant possessing a six-foot lower Jaw and
front teeth olght Inches square was found.
Ninety cases of valuable. epoclmons Were
brought to Pekin, outrlvallln'g previous expe-
ditions. Tho travellers explored and mapped
1000 square milos tt Mongolian territory. They
will return next Bprlng to recover remaining
SHANGHAI, Aug. l8.
|Wonderful discoveries are reported hy Mr.
to Pekin on August 15, after several months'
sandstorms and heat, was prevented from
reaching the intended destination, but secured
eral eggs were secured, also two skulls of the
biggest animal believed ever to have lived.
It is estimated that the head was 25 feet from
the ground, and that the creature weighed 20
tons. The head and 400lb of bones of an
elephant possessing a six-foot lower jaw and
front teeth eight inches square was found.
Ninety cases of valuable specimens were
brought to Pekin, outrivalling previous expe-
ditions. The travellers explored and mapped
1000 square miles of Mongolian territory. They
will return next spring to recover remaining
SHANGHAI, Aug. 18.
|PREHISTORIC LIFE. DISCOVERIES IN ASIA. NEW YORK, Nov. 4. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Friday 6 November 1925 page Article||2013-12-02 18:42||YIr Roy Chapman Androws has returned to
San Francisco with the third expedition Bent
to Mongolia and the Gobi Desert Ho declares
that tho expedition has confirmed the theory
that llfo originated on tho Asiatic plateau, now
the Gobi Desert It found traceB of human
beings living 20 000 years ago
Ylr Andrews said -"I am convinced that a
America, and a great sea exlended In paleo
rnlr timeB through the entire Central AsinD
plateau fiom the Caspian to the Pailfic"
The expedition's numerous discoveries In
rluded 27 fossilised jaws together in one spot,
und a fosBlliied ekull of a two-hornerl beast
probably millions of yeirs old, and 40 dinosaur
WE moro thin 10,000,000 years old The expe-
dition coveted approximately 5000 miles, of
Yihlch _0OO were In unmapped territory.
|Mr. Roy Chapman Andrews has returned to
San Francisco with the third expedition sent
to Mongolia and the Gobi Desert. He declares
that the expedition has confirmed the theory
that life originated on the Asiatic plateau, now
the Gobi Desert. It found traces of human
beings living 20,000 years ago
Mr. Andrews said:—"I am convinced that a
America, and a great sea extended in paleo-
zoic times through the entire Central Asian
plateau from the Caspian to the Pacific."
The expedition's numerous discoveries in-
cluded 27 fossilised jaws together in one spot,
and a fossilised skull of a two-horned beast
probably millions of years old, and 40 dinosaur
eggs more than 10,000,000 years old. The expe-
dition covered approximately 5000 miles, of
which 2000 were in unmapped territory.
|MESOZOIC FOSSILS. PREHISTORIC LIFE. New Light on Zoology. NEW YORK, Sept. 25. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Thursday 27 September 1923 page Article||2013-12-02 18:33||Fairfield Osborn and Mr. Roy, Chapman An-
drews, which Is roturnlne from the Mongolian
Plaina, hns reported the discovery of 26 fos-
silised eggs of Dlnosnurla. They* are esti-
mated to be 10,000,000 years olvl.
This is tho first ovldcnco that these giant
prehistoric reptllos laid eggs. The eggs aro
elliptical in shape, fivo Inches long, and buff
disposition ait discovery Indicates that the
Dinosaurla made noBts in a way similar to
the domestic fowls of to-day. '
12 dlnosaurian skeletons, and the remains of
scientists collocted nine tons of fossils. Those
will bo shipped to America.
sil beds aro the largest known to science.
The expedition had proved that tho Mongolian
plateau had been tho contre of dispersion of
most of the ancient animals that havo been
|Fairfield Osborn and Mr. Roy Chapman An-
drews, which is returning from the Mongolian
Plains, has reported the discovery of 25 fos-
silised eggs of Dinosauria. They are esti-
mated to be 10,000,000 years old.
This is the first evidence that these giant
prehistoric reptiles laid eggs. The eggs are
elliptical in shape, five inches long, and buff-
disposition at discovery indicates that the
Dinosauria made nests in a way similar to
the domestic fowls of to-day.
12 dinosaurian skeletons, and the remains of
scientists collected nine tons of fossils. Those
will be shipped to America.
sil beds are the largest known to science.
The expedition had proved that the Mongolian
plateau had been the centre of dispersion of
most of the ancient animals that have been
|GOBI DESERT EXPEDITION. FORCED TO RETURN. VANCOUVER, Sept. 22. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Friday 24 September 1926 page Article||2013-12-02 18:28||I FORCED TO RETURN.
Mr. Hoy Chapman Andrews, archaeologist,
has returned to San Francisco aftor an in-
for a scientific exploration. The expedition.
WOB delayed at Pekin by warring factions, and
it ls feared that a oamel train, with sup-
to await tho coming of tho expedition, has
received from tho camel train since lt left
|FORCED TO RETURN.
Mr. Roy Chapman Andrews, archaeologist,
has returned to San Francisco after an in-
for a scientific exploration. The expedition
was delayed at Pekin by warring factions, and
it is feared that a camel train, with sup-
to await the coming of tho expedition, has
received from the camel train since it left
|SEEKING MAN'S ORIGIN. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Tuesday 1 May 1928 page Article||2013-12-02 18:26||l»y In which the carB ntood up to the terrifie
work of the desort. Those cars had actually
saved his life ou ono occasion, and continu-
ally their lives had been staked on ona car
only when making extensive expeditious many
mileB into the desert (rom the central depot.
|way in which the cars stood up to the terrifie
work of the desert. Those cars had actually
saved his life on one occasion, and continu-
ally their lives had been staked on one car
only when making extensive expeditions many
miles into the desert from the central depot.
|CHINA'S NEW LEADER TUAN CHI-JYI. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Friday 6 February 1925 page Article||2013-11-28 11:12||falrií"? a."d, 7ua" arc* therefore, Just now
r¡Mr.i.í" frlenda- V,'u Pc'-tu can"ot bo
io îh,? .?s a tactor for soraD llmo to comB
Pekin Low d bB ialrly plal" sa,,,nB at
IM? ?an 1an tel1 what "es ahead, however,
us enough to say that in Tuan Chi-Jul we
a cooa f ?,', of considerable ability. He is
tlcîîn f,Md1"' k?ows lhe wayß of tbe Poli
ethnri.ï ' CV" ln an lron rule, desires
.,".?., J " .one pIac0 (at Pekin), and his
"id. i.e Cf publlc offloes I» extremely
mehi ,,'Moreove,r. he feels that whatever elsa I
"»Shi happen. It would bo the worst thing i
Cer,Sï,"V0 'a" íoul ot Iorei*n Powers,
unite, ,. r.80es t0 Pekln t0 flnd China dis
hal i,n, . c,ov,eni'nent Impotent, and inter
no di?, and o'Bsentlon rife. There Is
i ° chb,, ai th.e ead ot the war |B not >'et
Ä^IV111 hav« 'o flow across her
o bl"L' ..nd there wl" Probably be river»
Mttlem. , bn,fore any distinctly satisfactory
- «tir,e8ntLbu.l¿¿uable peace to ie pernumí¡
|Chang and Tuan are therefore, just now
fairly fast friends. Wu Pei-fu cannot be
regarded as a factor for some time to come,
so that it should be fairly plain sailing at Pekin now.
No man can tell what lies ahead, however.
It is enough to say that in Tuan Chi-Jui we
have a man of considerable ability. He is
a good soldier, knows the ways of the poli-
tician, believes in an iron rule, desires
authority in one place (at Pekin), and his
experience of public office is extremely
wide. Moreover, he feels that whatever else
might happen, it would be the worst thing
for China to fall foul of foreign Powers.
Certainly he goes to Pekin to find China dis-
united, the Government impotent, and inter-
nal unrest and dissention rife. There is
no doubt that the end of the war is not yet
of blood that will have to flow across her
in China, and there will probably be rivers
wide plains before any distinctly satisfactory
settlement will enable peace to be permanently established.
|CHINA'S NEW LEADER TUAN CHI-JYI. (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Friday 6 February 1925 page Article||2013-11-28 10:53||The President then fled, Fang Kuo-chnng
Mtomaticully taking tho Presidential chair.
T»o militarists Uko Fong and Tuan could not
i [C?; Fn Tuan I,Kain "resigned," because ho,
' believe sincerely, desired to see the cen
rill-stlon of power nt Peking. By a peculiar
"ist, nowovei, wo find him back at tho old
flinn ol Premier In the hot weathor of
«is. actually in control of tho Government,
ftreng henlng the central authority with
'«eral loans jaised from Japan. But he
jaed out asuln in the fall of that year. Ho
''cn gave himself up to revitalising the Anfu
H» iE n?dy of Politicians and militarists
tí.ü l0 JaPan- He became so active
"' I' *>i,s necessary for Wu Pel-iu (the
ÍT^\ °í flhom tha worId haa heard B<>
'much during the last three years, but who
vii, ,led durine tho recent warfare) In
JJ.» lo lead an army of Chlhll troops tb defeat
iuans Aufu militarists, driving Tuau from
Poner, and bringing himself forward as the
HI lour of his country. Concurrently, Sun
ikn ?as .ho soutu* operating from Canton,
¿'''«»'»'«ri opposed both Tuan Chi-Jut
ens the Anfu party, Joined forces with them
»or trie purposo of defeating Vf-j. Pel Fu; but
,,.m,,noi .«appen, and since then we have
in i i nisterla' nnd military crises follow
'" quick succession, but the military men
*h«. y' nsUtlnE for tu«y know not
IHlä Rl-DOUBTABLlü CHANG TSO-LIN.
homo mention should now be made of that
»llltaty o.acle ¡n China-Chang Tso-lln.
Ililli.,. "w ,'et 60 ycnrs ot »8°* "o I«
"o Ä,WhlfU ,means t0 »W tbat he had
tell ! fi0"" n hls youth* anu Is entirely a
£ ,e 1!1,llllary nwn- When ho was de
óli,by tle Chl1111 "arty '" lfl22 "e was
ia, ,. t0,be reI'eved of all his posts; he
Faslnrn "n nS,PGCt0r-Gene,'al 0f the threO
government and with anothor general by
tïm. nmo ,°, ïsao Kun (who afterwards be-
came president for a short while). Chang had
An«,,a,,,"Pe["tlonary force to disband the
1Ä1 i,1b. a.nd get rld of Tu»n Chi-Jul In
a't ik laUer ract sl»ould be noted, for
Ti.»n[!?,1 Inauguration ceremonies to put
ii« n. j . " lh0 Presidency Chang Tso-lln
»art , ,lonally I""«''«'*'-, and took an active
ioriiin . 1"'Bcce<llngs. So docs the wheel of
tu» »n .urn ",110IIS Chinóse militarists. All
d"fled inn r.1?'8 that Since Cha1'B °"enly
has viJi .. h,noBe uo*,e''ninent In 1920 he
Ililli, a"y, ruled Manchuria as an inde-
|The President then fled, Feng Kuo-chang
automatically taking the Presidential chair.
Two militarists like Feng and Tuan could not
agree, so Tuan again "resigned," because he,
I believe sincerely, desired to see the cen-
tralisation of power at Peking. By a peculiar
twist, however, we find him back at the old
stand of Premier in the hot weather of
1918, actually in control of the Government,
strengthening the central authority with
several loans raised from Japan. But he
faded out again in the fall of that year. He
then gave himself up to revitalising the Anfu
Club, a body of politicians and militarists
closely allied to Japan. He became so active
that it was necessary for Wu Pei-fu (the
general of whom the world has heard so
much during the last three years, but who
was defeated during the recent warfare) in
1920 to lead an army of Chihli troops to defeat
Tuan's Anfu militarists, driving Tuan from
power, and bringing himself forward as the
saviour of his country. Concurrently, Sun
Yat-sen in the south, operating from Canton,
who had always opposed both Tuan Chi-Jui
and the Anfu party, joined forces with them
for the purpose of defeating Wu Pei Fu; but
it did not happen, and since then we have
seen Ministerial and military crises follow
in quick succession, but the military men
have kept busy, fighting for they know not what.
THE REDOUBTABLE CHANG TSO-LIN.
Some mention should now be made of that
military oracle ¡n China—Chang Tso-lin.
Chang is not yet 50 years of age. He is
illiterate, which means to say that he had
no education in his youth, and is entirely a
self-made military man. When he was de-
feated by the Chihli party in 1922 he was
ordered to be relieved of all his posts; he
was then Inspector-General of the three Eastern Provinces in 1918, but defied the
Government, and with another general by
the name of Tsao Kun (who afterwards be-
came president for a short while), Chang had
led an expeditionary force to disband the
Anfu Club and get rid of Tuan Chi-jui in
1920. This latter fact should be noted, for
at the recent inauguration ceremonies to put
Tuan Chi-jui in the Presidency Chang Tso-lin
was personally present, and took an active
part in the proceedings. So does the wheel of
fortune turn among Chinese militarists. All
the world knows that since Chang openly
defied the Chinese Government in 1920 he
has virtually ruled Manchuria as an inde-
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