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|"Curse to Humanity." Trotsky Disowned by Family. LONDON, Jan. 2. (Article), The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Tuesday 3 January 1922 page Article||2016-02-11 16:46||"Curse to Humanity.'
Thc Berlin correspondent of the "Daily
nt the Ekatcrinoslav Synagogue, when the
expelled Trotsky from Judaism, nnd called
led to tho nllnr ny his sons and sons-in
an enemy to Judaism nnd a curse to
tho entire world to be his witnesses.
Trotsky's motlier fainted during thc pro
codings, but revived and joined with other
rolntivos in disowning Trotsky for ever.
|"Curse to Humanity."
The Berlin correspondent of the "Daily
at the Ekaterinoslav Synagogue, when the
expelled Trotsky from Judaism, and called
led to the altar by his sons and sons-in-
an enemy to Judaism and a curse to
the entire world to be his witnesses.
Trotsky's mother fainted during the pro-
cedings, but revived and joined with other
relatives in disowning Trotsky for ever.
|TROTSKY DISOWNED. (Article), Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , Tuesday 3 January 1922 page Article||2016-02-11 16:43||TROTSKY DISOWNED.,
The Beorlin correspondent of the
*Daily xproRN" describes a dramatloic
ceremonial at the ]Ekaterinoslav Syna
gogue,' when tho ?tabhlbi, at the request of
MI, Trotsky's fathor, expolled Trotsky
from Judaism, calling down curnos and
TrotaHy's aged and hanlf-blind father
wos led to tho altar by his other cone
and sons-ln-law, and solemnly chargted
hiR eon with being en lenemy of Judatom
evory t.uEplin in the entiro world weore
Trotlsky's mother fanlnted during the
proccedlngs, but revived nnd joined the
otheor relatilons in disowning Trotsly
The Berlin correspondent of the
"Daily Express" describes a dramatic
ceremonial at the Ekaterinoslav Syna-
gogue, when the Rabbi, at the request of
M. Trotsky's father, expelled Trotsky
from Judaism, calling down curses and
Trotsky's aged and half-blind father
was led to the altar by his other sons
and sons-in-law, and solemnly charged
his son with being an enemy of Judaism
every Russian in the entire world were
Trotsky's mother fainted during the
proceedings, but revived and joined the
other relations in disowning Trotsky
|DAMNATION OF TROTSKY. SYNAGOGUE DRAMA. CURSED BY FATHER. (Article), Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947), Saturday 11 March 1922 page Article||2016-02-11 16:37||solemnly declared, 'There is no Loon
Bronstein. There never was. Thtro
uever will be.'
Then, amid respectful sih-nco, while
every head was bowed, un old couple
|solemnly declared, "There is no Leon
Bronstein. There never was. There
never will be."
Then, amid respectful silence, while
every head was bowed, an old couple
|DAMNATION OF TROTSKY. SYNAGOGUE DRAMA. CURSED BY FATHER. (Article), Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947), Saturday 11 March 1922 page Article||2016-02-11 16:27||bAMNATION OT TROTSKY.
CUBBED BY FATHER.
source a' wonderfully dramatic aud
vivid dory of ths- expulsion of Trot
sk** truui the Church, writes
, The sombre pomp of the thousand
veAr^ild rites of the Eastern Jews was
transformed into mediaeval mystic
ism on the occasion of a Sabbath ser
vice in the little synagogue .at Ekater
one of the elders of the pommu&ity
cxclaimed: 'A jew brother wants to
accuse a Jew.' In the deep silence
niau wjth a flowing grey beard and
Straggling /grey curls hung under
his little black cap, and his bauds had
half blind, and a group of sons, sons
. Moses Bronstein bowed before the
I altar. Then in a trembling voice he
! began: '1 bring a charge against
Leon Bronstein a member of this com
'What is the charge?' asked the
Tho voice of the father became fir
mer and firmer. 'Leon Bronntcin,'
said the old man, 'has forsworn the
creed of his forefathers; Leon Brons
ticn has proved an enemy of Judais*n.
I.eou Bronstein has become the curse
'These are grave charges,' replied
tlie rabbi. ' Where are your proofs?'
'Every member of this community is
world.' S ? *
the chief rabbi declared: 'Tho charge
is proved. What am 1 to dot'
Moses BroiiHtciii majestically wav
Testament times, spoke slowly: 44 L
want him Leon Bronstein; to be ex
1 waut him uamned and cursed with the
world begun is only spokeu against
the enemies of God— the curse oi'
on earth, uor in hell, nor heaven.'
The congregation then rose as on -
man, saving: 'lie shall be expelled!
lie shall be cursed! lie shall bo dam
ned! ' '
Another rabbi then stopped forward
carrying a shofar (sacred trumphel).
He blew towards the east, west, noutii
;ind north, exclaiming after cncli blan
'Hear Israel! Hear! This is the uaii.e
of thy foe,' repeating the char^c
Tlicrcu|»on the chief rabbi reud
seven prayers and seven curses aud
blew out seven candles ou the altar
t ii ii6 extinguishing the apostate.
14 Moses Bronstein,' said the Rabbi,
* 'Leon Brousteiu is expelled uiid.
, cursed. You ask for u higher .punish
ment. The law of God compels ire
to usk whether you waut him damned
for «al! eternity.'
The excitement of the coogrcgatio':
became intense, but no sound writ
the father who had falleu on his
voice and bajd, 'lie shall be dumucd
to all eternity.' ?
At these words a woiuau's shri» I;
pierced the air. Trotsky's mother, un
able to endure the awful scene, h:i-i
£he revived, and the ceremony ce:i
tiuued. The candles were lighted
uguiu one by oue. All the members
of the Bronsteiu family dir«ow!ie-t
Iheir misled relative until Anally it
Was the turn of the father and mothci,
who for that purjiose were Jed befor.'
the altar, a Ppaeev otherwise reserve!
only for men. They, like the other*,
solemulv declared, 'There is no Loon
|DAMNATION OF TROTSKY.
CURSED BY FATHER.
source a wonderfully dramatic and
vivid story of the expulsion of Trot-
sky from the Jewish Church, writes
The sombre pomp of the thousand-
year-old rites of the Eastern Jews was
transformed into mediaeval mystic-
ism on the occasion of a Sabbath ser-
vice in the little synagogue at Ekater-
one of the elders of the community
exclaimed: "A jew brother wants to
accuse a Jew." In the deep silence
man wjth a flowing grey beard and
Straggling grey curls hung under
his little black cap, and his hands had
half blind, and a group of sons, sons-
Moses Bronstein bowed before the
altar. Then in a trembling voice he
began: "I bring a charge against
Leon Bronstein a member of this com-
"What is the charge?" asked the
The voice of the father became fir-
mer and firmer. "Leon Bronstein,"
said the old man, "has forsworn the
creed of his forefathers; Leon Brons-
tien has proved an enemy of Judaism.
Leon Bronstein has become the curse
"These are grave charges," replied
the rabbi. "Where are your proofs?"
"Every member of this community is
the chief rabbi declared: "The charge
is proved. What am I to do?"
Moses Bronstein majestically wav-
Testament times, spoke slowly: "I
want him Leon Bronstein to be ex-
I want him damned and cursed with the
world begun is only spoken against
the enemies of God—the curse of
on earth, nor in hell, nor heaven."
The congregation then rose as one
man, saying: He shall be expelled!
He shall be cursed! He shall be dam-
Another rabbi then stepped forward
carrying a shofar (sacred trumphet).
He blew towards the east, west, south
and north, exclaiming after each blast
"Hear Israel! Hear! This is the name
of thy foe," repeating the charge
Thereupon the chief rabbi read
seven prayers and seven curses and
blew out seven candles on the altar,
thus extinguishing the apostate.
"Moses Bronstein," said the Rabbi,
"Leon Brousteiu is expelled and
cursed. You ask for a higher punish-
ment. The law of God compels me
to ask whether you want him damned
for all eternity."
The excitement of the congregation
became intense, but no sound was
the father who had fallen on his
voice and said, "He shall be damned
to all eternity."
At these words a woman's shriek
pierced the air. Trotsky's mother, un-
able to endure the awful scene, had
She revived, and the ceremony con-
tinued. The candles were lighted
again one by one. All the members
of the Bronstein family disowned
their misled relative until finally it
was the turn of the father and mother,
who for that purpose were led before
the altar, a space otherwise reserved
only for men. They, like the others,
solemnly declared, 'There is no Loon
|LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS. (Article), The Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (NSW : 1886 - 1942), Friday 6 January 1922 page Article||2016-02-11 16:09||Drummed out of Judaism. — Tlio cor- .
rospondent of tho 'Daily Express' a!
Berlin describes by telegraph a drama
tic ccrcirionial at tho Ekatorinoslav
Synagogue, when the Rabbi, at the ro
cursos and et'oriinl damnation upon him.
Trotsky's aged and half-blind fatlior
son with being an enoiny of Judaism,
and a curso to humanity, declaring that
during the proceedings, but was reviv
A Mystery Solved.— In Soptember of
last year tlie Railway and Tramway In
|Drummed out of Judaism.—The cor-
respondent of the "Daily Express" at
Berlin describes by telegraph a drama-
tic ceremonial at the Ekaterinoslav
Synagogue, when the Rabbi, at the re-
curses and eternal damnation upon him.
Trotsky's aged and half-blind father
son with being an enemy of Judaism,
and a curse to humanity, declaring that
during the proceedings, but was reviv-
A Mystery Solved.—In September of
last year the Railway and Tramway In-
|LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS. (Article), The Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (NSW : 1886 - 1942), Friday 6 January 1922 page Article||2016-02-11 16:07||7 LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.
Fine Melons. — Mr. R. E. Wilmot, who
demonstrated his agricultural ability,
an onormous crop of watermelons, pump
kins, grammas, ct'c., 011 Mr. M. C.
Yabsley 's farm at Box Ridge, left at I
this office last wook-end a couple of'
siilendid saumles of melons. Under his
grew to largo dimensions iri many cases,
QuJJck Work. — Somo fast times : were
Sergeant- Donald's work. ' W. Farrell's
Aramac, ridden by C. Beck, ran ? un
placed in the first race. The Sorgoant
had a look at the animal, arid ; arrested
both owner arid -jockey, under the cruelty
; to anima'ls Statute. It appears Aramac
' had met with a mishap in his stall, and
arid tlio ownei-; fined £1, and the jockey
the .polico and tho defendants were all
-back on tlie course. Slickl
|LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.
Fine Melons.—Mr. R. E. Wilmot, who
demonstrated his agricultural ability
an enormous crop of watermelons, pump-
kins, grammas, etc., on Mr. M. C.
Yabsley 's farm at Box Ridge, left at
this office last week-end a couple of
splendid samples of melons. Under his
grew to large dimensions in many cases,
Quick Work.—Some fast times were
Sergeant Donald's work. W. Farrell's
Aramac, ridden by C. Beck, ran un-
placed in the first race. The Sergeant
had a look at the animal, and arrested
both owner and jockey, under the cruelty
to animals Statute. It appears Aramac
had met with a mishap in his stall, and
and the owner fined £1, and the jockey
the polico and the defendants were all
back on the course. Slick!
|LEARNT IN TWO LANGUAGES Honour Student's Task (Article), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Tuesday 17 January 1950 page Article||2016-02-10 12:04||the war, and then had to releam English.
of Chelmsford Avenue, Lindfield,
join a woolbrokcr's firm.
Germany, was interned at Tatura.
boys," she said. "AU around them
people spoke German, and ' finally
task of relcarning all his subjects
,, Laurence Draper, of Parkes High
however, lives at 29- Mcclelland
|the war, and then had to relearn English.
of Chelmsford Avenue, Lindfield, ||
PATRICIA HEXTALL ||
join a woolbroker's firm.
Germany, was interned at Tatura,
boys," she said. "All around them
people spoke German, and finally
task of relearning all his subjects
Laurence Draper, of Parkes High
however, lives at 29 McClelland
|Family Notices (Family Notices), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 3 February 1940 page Family Notices||2016-02-09 16:01||BUTIER -rebruarv 1 at St Helen s private hos
pital Earlwood to Mr nnd Mrs L A J Butler
|BUTLER.—February 1, at St Helen's private hos-
pital, Earlwood, to Mr. and Mrs. L. A. J. Butler—
|Family Notices (Family Notices), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Monday 7 August 1876 page Family Notices||2016-02-04 16:32||HORN — UNBEHAUN. —July 27, by the Rev. G. Worner, John
haun, Esq., Thuringen.
|HORN—UNBEHAUN.—July 27, by the Rev. G. Worner, John
haun, Esq., Thüringen.
|Family Notices (Family Notices), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Saturday 27 March 1909 page Family Notices||2016-02-04 15:17||MILLS-HORN.-March 4, at the residence of the
bride's paren-, Morottc, Tranmore-strcet Drummoyne,
I by the Rev. John Edwards, noraco O. dargo, son of
I J. Clanto Mills, of Drummoyne, to Alice, daughter
of J. F. Horn. .
,&IOVERLY-DONNELLY.-March 2, 4908, at St. Pat
i rick's Church, Sydney, by the Rev. Father Piquet,
, S.M., Thomas Percy, Becond son of John Moverly, of
t Arncliffe, to Mando Agnes, fifth daughter of Mi
|MILLS—HORN.—March 4, at the residence of the
bride's parents, Morette, Tranmere-street, Drummoyne,
by the Rev. John Edwards, Horace C. Clargo, son of
J. Clargo Mills, of Drummoyne, to Alice, daughter
of J. F. Horn.
MOVERLY—DONNELLY.—March 2, 1908, at St. Pat-
rick's Church, Sydney, by the Rev. Father Piquet,
S.M., Thomas Percy, second son of John Moverly, of
Arncliffe, to Maude Agnes, fifth daughter of Mrs.
Read the merging and splitting guidelines.
"Do you want a trip to China?" said my friend M—— to me one Friday afternoon in George-street, Sydney. "The Woodbine sails on Tuesday morning, and I am going in her. Will you come?"
So begins a body of work that stands among the most vivid and insightful writing about travel in the Asia-Pacific region during the last two decades of the 19th century, and certainly by any Australia-based writer of the period.
This list is the full sequence of 38 travel feature articles written for the Melbourne daily newspaper, The Argus, and its associated weekly, The Australasian, by Julian Thomas, known as "The Vagabond", about his sea journey of almost eight months in March-November 1881 around the Pacific rim from Sydney to Shanghai, Nagasaki, Yokohama, Victoria BC and the area of modern-day Vancouver BC, San Francisco, Honolulu, Auckland and back to Sydney. The series was compiled, edited and published in book form as 'Occident and Orient : sketches on both sides of the Pacific', (George Robertson, Melbourne, 1882).
With the exception of one issue (27 May 1882) missing pages in the Trove collection, the list is the complete series as it was first published in The Argus. The missing Argus page in the list has been made up with the corresponding article published in The Australasian (3 June 1882).
The author of this remarkable series of articles was an Englishman who sometimes claimed to be an American, or more specifically a Virginian. He called himself Julian Thomas, although that was not his real name. Under his sobriquet, “The Vagabond”, he became famous as a popular exponent of descriptive writing and investigative journalism for Australian newspapers from 1876 until his death in Melbourne in 1896. Yet, despite public acclaim and professional success, in 1894 he was bankrupt.
Julian Thomas was christened John Stanley James. He was born in 1843 in Walsall, Staffordshire. He seems now almost to have popped up in Australia from nowhere. At times through his years in Australia he claimed variously to have had medical training; to have graduated from the University of Virginia; to have fought for the Confederacy in the US Civil War; and to have been present, and imprisoned as a spy, during the Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune of 1871—none of which claims can yet be verified. Some of his claims—such as his occasional assertions he was Buddhist, Jewish, Gipsy, or abducted as an infant by Flathead Indians—were plainly ironical, but in general he cultivated an air of mystery about his past as part of his "Vagabond" public persona. Indeed, everything about his past between the late 1860s (when by his account he was a journalist in London) and his 1875 arrival in Sydney remains mysterious—even the exact date, place and means of his arrival in Australia. He did not marry—at least not in Australia—and died alone, without children or close family, although he had many friends, including many in commerce, industry, government and public life. His particular enemies were missionaries, who he mocked in his writing and lectures, and sued for libel on at least one occasion. References to Freemasonry, and to hospitality received from prominent Masons, are scattered through his writing, in context suggesting he himself was a Mason. Clues to other aspects of his secretiveness are contained in two articles in this series (nos. 35 & 36, “San Francisco Revisited No. V”, and “At Honolulu”), which strongly hint he was homosexual—a condition which, if flaunted, in the late 19th century could lead to scandal and imprisonment, as Julian Thomas's younger contemporary, Oscar Wilde, was soon to demonstrate.
Sydney James, secretary of the jockey club of Dunedin, New Zealand, identified himself publicly (in a speech to a Masonic Lodge function reported by the press) as Julian Thomas’s brother after his death, stating in part that “it was thought best at the time not to disclose his identity, but there was no reason why he should not be known by his real name, Stanley James.” His wide circle of friends and the public affection he achieved through his writing and lectures were demonstrated by his well-attended funeral, admiring obituaries, a grave monument erected by public subscription in Melbourne General Cemetery, and newspaper memorial notices.
—1887 'LIBEL ACTION AGAINST THE "WESLEYAN SPECTATOR.".', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 20 September, p. 5, viewed 25 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7931902
—1894 'NEW INSOLVENTS.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 20 December, p. 5, viewed 25 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8726424
—1896 'DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN JOURNALIST.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 5 September, p. 4, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9183574
—1896 '"THE VAGABOND.".', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926), 5 September, p. 4, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article150128246
—1896 'AN ADVENTUROUS JOURNALIST.', The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), 7 September, p. 3, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9381144
—1897 '"THE VAGABOND'S" TRUE NAME.', The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), 1 May, p. 36, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139741091
—1897 'Family Notices.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 4 September, p. 1, viewed 22 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9769879
—John Barnes, 'James, John Stanley (1843–1896)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/james-john-stanley-3848/text6113, published first in hardcopy 1972, accessed online 21 August 2015
— Brown, J 1860, [John Stanley James, alias] Julian Thomas [pen name "The Vagabond"], [ca. 1860-ca. 1900] http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/278471
— Stewart & Co 1876, [John Stanley James, alias] Julian Thomas [pen name "The Vagabond"], [ca. 1876] http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/172507
Articles by Julian Thomas "The Vagabond" for The Argus about his travel in Canada during 1886. These are not as ground-breaking as his 38 articles on his round-Pacific "Orient to Occident" trip of 1881, but they still offer remarkable insight on the places and times. Canadians particularly may be surprised by glimpses of some locally famous people of politics, commerce and literature, and of disappeared establishments like the Windsor Hotel of Montreal, the St Louis Hotel of Quebec, and the Queen's Hotel in Winnipeg.
The dates and circumstances reveal the pseudonymous author of these articles, using the pen-name "An Australian Colonist", as John Henry Brooke 1826-1902.
Brooke, an English-born journalist who became a prominent colonial Victorian politician and a leading player in bitter political battles of the 1860s over land tenure, moved to Yokohama, Japan, in 1867 after suffering reverses in his political fortunes. His biggest problem was that he had made too many powerful enemies in the turbulent colonial political scene. On 26 February 1867 Brooke left Melbourne for eastern ports in the P&O mail steamer, Bombay, saying he intended "to take stock of the Japanese" and hinting that he might return in a few months. He stayed in Japan, where he became proprietor and editor of an English-language local newspaper, the Japan Daily Herald, and resided for the rest of his life. He died at Yokohama on 8 January 1902 and was buried in the foreigners' cemetery there.
These articles, which Brooke dispatched for publication in The Argus and its associated weekly publication, The Australasian, in 1867, under the pen-name "An Australian Colonist", describe Japan in the pivotal last year of the Tokugawa shogunate, on the brink of the Meiji era which introduced sweeping modernisation, reform, industrialisation, global engagement—and militarist ambitions for imperial expansion.
—1867 'MELBOURNE...The intended departure of Mr J. H. Brooke for the China Seas...', Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), 25 February, p. 2, viewed 8 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87950316
—1867 'Yesterday a number of gentlemen met at Scott's Hotel, for the purpose of taking leave of the Hon. J. H. Brooke...', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 27 February, p. 5, viewed 8 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5787152
—1867 'TOWN NEWS... Mrs. Brooke intends shortly to join her husband in Japan...', The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), 14 December, p. 18, viewed 13 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article137569386
—1902 'AN OLD GEELONG IDENTITY. Mr J. H. Brooke, who formerly took a prominent part in Victorian politics, and was for a period a member of the Cabinet, but more recently the founder, proprietor and editor of the "Japan Daily Herald," died on 8th January last...', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926), 22 February 1902, p. 6, viewed 13 September, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article149753369
—Michael Migus, 'Brooke, John Henry (1826–1902)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/brooke-john-henry-3065/text4521, published first in hardcopy 1969, accessed online 7 September 2015.
—Jim Tipton (founder), “Find A Grave,” http://www.findagrave.com/, 1995-. (Monument transcription of grave of John Henry Brooke 1826-1902 in Yokohama Foreign General Cemetery, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=79274895 viewed 7 September 2015.)
Information on Trove's new list feature can be found here.